How to Become a Librarian

This article provides in-depth information into What is a Librarian? What Librarian do? Degrees for Librarian, Steps to become Librarian and much more.


The idea of Library has changed over the years from a place to get file records, dusty books to a place that has advanced electronic mediums like internet, digital libraries and remote access to a wide range of information sources. Similarly, the task of librarians have evolved through the years and now they are able to handle sophisticated systems. A librarian helps the customer find the information they are looking for and teach them how to use this information effectively and efficiently to achieve their personal and professional purposes.

What does Librarian do ?

Librarians supervise staff and develop and direct information programs and systems for the public and ensure that information is accessible and organized in a proper manner that meets users' needs. There are three main focus of library work User Service, Administrative service, and Technical service.

  • Work with customer to help them find needed information.

  • Acquire, prepare, and classify materials so that customers can access it easily.

  • Oversee the management and planning of libraries

  • Make deals and contracts for materials, services, and equipment

  • Manage library staffs

  • Maintain public-relations and execute fundraising duties

Steps for becoming Librarian


Earn A Bachelor’s Degree

Earning a Bachelor’s degree is the initial step to becoming a Librarian and students have many options to select from in this level. According to the American Library Association, a bachelor’s degree in a related field is not required to become a librarian so students can study any course that interests them.


Earn A Master’s Degree

A Master’s degree in library science is required to become a librarian. A master’s degree accreditation from the American Library Association is not mandatory but it increases the chances of getting hired of the student.


Do An Internship

Every student has to complete an internship for a specific period of time in the related field during their master’s degree program. Getting a good internship will significantly help students to get a good job after the program.


Get Licensure

Licensure requirement varies from state to state but it is mandatory for all 50 states. The University of Kentucky provides a list of licensure requirements for all 50 states. Students can also choose to become certified in a specific area. The Allied Professional Association (ALA) offers a list of state and regional certifications for librarians.

Librarian Salaries


Librarian Degree Levels


There is no specific course in bachelor’s program for library science so students are free to choose any course they like. However, there are some courses that will help students prepare for master’s degree in library science like art, history, music, law, psychology or sociology.

  • Global historical literacy

  • U.S History from 1865-present

  • World geography

  • Overview of human civilization throughout time

  • Large-scale and long-term historical developments

Information technology
  • Human and computer interactions

  • Digital collaboration

  • Network security

  • Modern information technology systems

  • Sophisticated databases

  • Digital Network

  • Educational psychology

  • School and community experiences

  • Educational technology

  • Child development

  • Curriculum planning

  • Special education and applied learning


Most library science and information studies programs are of two years and prepare students to work as a librarian in various places ranging from schools and special collections to public and governmental settings. A master’s degree in library science can be earned through traditional or online degrees.

Informatics Organization
  • Database creation and organization

  • Subject analysis techniques

  • Approaches to information organization

  • Introduction to the theories of information is organized

  • Social, cultural and cognitive considerations

  • Classifying resources

Classification and Cataloguing
  • Classification systems

  • Tools and terms of classification

  • Type of resource

  • Varied methods of classifying

  • Cataloging materials
  • Ensure consistency across libraries

Copyright and Licensing
  • Awareness of the legal implications

  • Copyright and licensing obligations

  • Legal knowledge of ownership

  • Copyright

  • Licensing


A doctoral degree in library science is of four years and designed for students who want advanced roles in universities or research institutes. Most Ph.D. students teach postsecondary students.

Programs, People, and Information
  • Application creation

  • Human-Technology Interaction

  • Informatics software

  • To learn about the programming

  • Creating applications

  • Help people find information

Fundamentals of Cyber security
  • importance of cybersecurity

  • cybercriminals
  • Protection from cyber crimes

  • Key issues surrounding cyber security

  • Protection of information

  • Developing protocol for responding to security incidents

Introduction to Archives
  • Archival theory and practice

  • Archival systems

  • Issues with archiving

  • Digital archiving

  • Underpinning for advanced study