A nurse practitioner has higher qualification and training than a registered nurse. They are specialized in a particular area, such as family practice or pediatrics. Nurse practitioner prescribes medication, examines patients, diagnoses illnesses, and provides treatment to patients with or without a medical doctor sign on patient care decisions depending on the state.
A nurse practitioner generally focuses on preventative and holistic care, with personalized treatment areas for each individual patient.
Prescribe specific medications, including the frequency and dose.
Diagnose and treat infections, wounds, and illnesses.
Direct and arrange diagnostic tests to be conducted such as x-rays and EKGs.
Record and examine the medical history, diagnoses, and symptoms of a patient.
Talk to patients about effectively managing their health, as well as helping in designing proper treatment plans.
Give care and direction to patients with regards to taking medication.
To become a Nurse Practitioner you first have to complete all certification and get licensed as Registered Nurse. There are several academic paths to become a Registered Nurse. An associate or bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution or a diploma from an approved vocational training program is needed to become a Registered Nurse.
Earning a Master’s degree is mandatory to become a Nurse Practitioner. Most Colleges require Bachelor of Science in Nursing and some work experience before being accepted into Nurse Practitioner Program. Master’s degree level curriculum for a nurse practitioner follows the general course of study for an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN), with specialized NP education and training.
All 50 states require a license to become a Nurse Practitioner. To obtain License for Nurse Practitioner one must hold a master's degree in nursing and a valid state RN license and also pass a national certification examination.
Obtaining additional credentials relating to a specific area of specialization increases the marketability of the candidate and opens up more opportunity. Examples of specialization as an APRN include Acute Care Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (ACNP), Adult-Gerontology Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (AG ACNP), Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) and Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (PNP).
A bachelor’s degree in nursing prepares students for a job as a registered nurse (RN) and also provides the educational foundation for a master’s degree in the field. Bachelor’s program in nursing is a mix of classroom and clinical learning where students are exposed to different topics and real-time training. Students take a variety of introductory courses on topics such as emergency care, health assessments, nutrition, public and global health, and current trends in nursing.
A master of science in nursing is the minimum educational requirement to become a licensed nurse practitioner. Many programs combine professional core courses that dig deeper into subjects learned at the undergraduate level with clinical courses that focus on a particular specialty.