How to Become a Pharmacist

This article provides in-depth information into What is a Pharmacist? What Pharmacist do? Degrees for Pharmacist, Steps to become Pharmacist and much more.


Pharmacists are on the forefronts of guaranteeing people get appropriate medication and helpful medicines for medical problems. Working pair with specialists, pharmaceutical organizations, and the general population, Pharmacist are given the extraordinary duty to guarantee safe pharmacological practices. Pharmacists fill prescriptions, inspecting the orders and all related information for accuracy.

What does Pharmacist do ?

Pharmacists dispense medications prescribed by doctors and other healthcare professionals, and they explain to their patients how to use these drugs correctly.

  • They instruct patients on how and when to take a prescribed medicine.

  • They inform patients any contraindications and side effects that may be experienced.

  • They advise patients on general health topics like diet, exercise and managing stress.

  • They inform patients about proper equipment and supplies to help manage health conditions.

  • They promote Public health, health promotion, and disease prevention.

  • They work with assistants, technicians and the general public to promote awareness.

  • Pharmacists also advise doctors and other health practitioners about drug selection.

Steps for becoming Pharmacist


Get A Bachelor Degree

Students have to complete 2-3 years of study in an undergraduate program generally a Bachelor of Science (Pharmacy) in order to enroll in a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D). To get into Pharm.D program student should focus on earning high grades in undergraduate prerequisite courses like general chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, human anatomy and physiology, biology, calculus, and statistics.


Qualify Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT)

To get into Pharm.D college students have to take the Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT). Also, it is advised to maintain a high GPA. The PCAT consists of seven different subtests that measure writing ability, verbal ability, reading comprehension, quantitative ability, and biology and chemistry knowledge.


Earn A Doctor Of Pharmacy Degree

After completing the under graduation course and qualifying PCAT, students apply for a four-year pharmacy doctoral program. All pharmacists must earn a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) from an accredited school in order to practice.


Get Licensure

A license to practice pharmacy is required in all 50 states. To obtain a license, you must successfully complete an accredited Pharm.D program and pass the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) and Multi-State Pharmacy Jurisprudence Exam (MPJE). This exam will deal with pharmacy skills, knowledge and pharmacy law specific to the state you’ll gain licensure in.


Post-Doctoral Training

Pharmacists who plan to who intend to work in a particular field of pharmaceutics often complete a residency program enduring one to two years. Regardless of whether they are interested in psychopharmacology or pharmacoepidemiology, post-doctoral training provides new pharmacists with the specific information they'll have to enter these fields. This is additionally a decent choice for the individuals who plan on conducting research.


Continuing Education

All states expect pharmacists to finish continuing education hours to keep up their permit. Most require between 15 and 30 hours between each permit renewal period, which is ordinarily two years. States may also require specific courses depending on trends in the industry, including pharmacological law or mental health and pharmaceutics.

Pharmacist Salaries


Pharmacist Degree Levels


The associate’s degree program will equip students with foundational knowledge in the field. With this degree, students can move on to become a pharmacy technician at their local pharmacy. Pharmacy technicians work closely with pharmacists to get prescriptions ready for patients.

  • Basic Organic Chemistry

  • Bacterial replication

  • DNA as a target

  • Introduction to the bio-organic chemistry principles

  • Design and production of pharmaceutical agents

  • Use of structural modification

Pharmaceutical calculations
  • Concentrations

  • Ratio Strengths

  • Dosing Calculations

  • To understand basic concepts of pharmaceutical calculations

  • Organization, consistency, and accuracy

  • Provide optimal care to patients

Human structure and function
  • Cell Structure & Function

  • Skeletal system

  • Muscular system

  • Broad knowledge of human anatomy and Physiology

  • Interactions between organ systems

  • Advancements in life sciences


A Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy is a bachelors program designed for students interested in going on to a Doctor of Pharmacy program, as well as for students who want to work in the drug or healthcare industries. Such programs are science-intensive with a focus on chemistry and biology.

Organic chemistry
  • Fundamental Concepts of Organic Chemistry

  • Introduction to Alkenes

  • Substitution & Elimination Reactions

  • Understand the structure and reactivity of organic molecules

  • Substitution and elimination reactions

  • Chemistry of the carbonyl group

Introduction to pharmacology
  • Foundational concepts of pharmacology

  • Basic math for pharmacology

  • Administering Medication

  • Basic principles of pharmacology

  • Knowledge to safely administer medication

  • Functions and structure of the autonomic nervous system

  • Immunologic Diseases and Conditions

  • Diseases and Conditions of the Endocrine System

  • Diseases and Disorders of the Eye and Ear

  • Factors that contribute to the occurrence of various diseases

  • Treatment of diseases by clinical professionals

  • Immunity and Abnormal Responses


Combined degrees are offered in various forms and allow the student to complete all required coursework in a shorter time frame. Six and seven-year programs are most common and award both a bachelor’s and doctor of pharmacy degree upon graduation. These programs are well-suited to students with a resolute understanding of future career goals and those who want to finish their studies earlier.

  • How drugs are distributed in the body

  • Introductory pharmacokinetics

  • Dynamic modeling

  • Introduces to the idea of ADME

  • Absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion

  • Transport and metabolism of drugs

Pharmacy Practice Skills
  • Awareness of common drugs

  • Ability to compound medicines

  • Health promotion and disease prevention

  • Laws surrounding pharmacists and drug dispersion

  • Top medications prescribed

  • Proper means of providing drugs to individuals

The U.S. Health Care System
  • pharmaceutical companies

  • FDA

  • Health economics of USA

  • Landscape of the American health care system
  • Pharmaceutical marketing

  • Health economics