A person whose job is to plan design and review new buildings to ensure that they are constructed as per the configured idea. An architect is a person who involves in the profession of architecture and also used in disciplines related to landscape architecture, naval architecture, and information technology, which includes roles of solution architect, enterprise architect, systems architect, and software architect.
An architect not just designs buildings but also holds the responsibility for public safety and overseeing of projects. The architect plays a vital role from the initial concept till the building is completed. The job of an architect can be classified into three phases namely: design, documentation, construction. These phases can be further divided as listed below
A student interested in choosing architecture as their career can start preparing during high school. Courses such as geometry, algebra, pre-calculus, and physics develop your skills with mathematical precision which is essential for architecture. Much of current architecture is planned with help of Computer-Aided Design (CAD) programs, hence familiarity with technology and computers will be helpful.
B.Arch. is a five years degree program that introduces to fundamental design concepts and acquaints students with properties of the material. This course focuses on examination of interior space and proportions, structural systems, environmental systems and building technology
A master's degree integrates theoretical, technological, historical and cultural factors in the design process as well as discovers ways to involve these concepts in a community’s cultural conversation. This course also enlightens and explores ecologically sustainable building practices, historic preservation and urban planning.
State licensing requires a training period under the guidance of a licensed architect. This training period requires the duration of three years. Most architecture program graduates meet the obligation by working an internship
Architects must possess a state license to offer professional services. Irrespective of earning a degree student must pass the Architect Registration Examination (ARE) which is administered by the National Council of Architecture Registration Boards (NCARB). ARE consists of nine divisions which contains graphical questions or multiple-choice questions
Certificates offer students with preparation for specific jobs and acts as stepping stones to college degrees. Colleges and universities offer undergraduate and graduate certificate programs in architectural history.
Certificate programs usually take up to twelve to fifteen credit hours and offered as a specialty in addition to a student's primary discipline.
Focused mainly on open-air theatre
Public square surrounded by the colonnade
Smart implementation of elements available in nature to build infrastructure
Focused on basilican or the central plan
Introduction to the art of mosaic
Usage of rounded stone arches
Optimum utilization of available limited resources
Invention of Stonehenge
Introduction to Dolmen
Study of evolution of architecture
Students perusing associate degree develop proficiency working with computers as well as learn to create architectural prints and presentations. This program also discovers a way to examine facts and figures and execute estimates. Study of this program includes construction systems, drawing techniques and measuring and graphing. Courses studied in associate degree include
Tents and cable networks
Vaults and domes
Ability to idealize and analyse statically determinate and indeterminate structures
Graphical form of complex concepts
Use of artwork to make visual renderings
Based on plan, design, and construction
This program Establish fluency in conceptual thinking, visual vocabulary and craft.
Create precision drawings
Illustrations of new buildings
Two-dimensional or three-dimensional models
More precise way of producing models
This course uses basic commands and tools essential for professional 2D drawing, design, and drafting using AutoCAD / AutoCAD LT
A bachelor’s degree helps students to develop their drawing and design techniques. This program also focuses on how to study the community and environment surrounding their designs. B.Arch. is a five-year degree program that concentrates on areas such as architectural theory, history, and practice. It also involves professional practices that help students to get hands-on experience in the field and to put their skills into action.
Fundamental visual communication
Study of graphic expression techniques
Design enquiry process for architects
This program helps to understand and apply drawing techniques and design practice to communicate design ideas.
Brings together separate specialism
Deals with current crises
Teaches sustainable design
Emerge of interdisciplinary activity
Smart usage of limited resources to gain magnificent outcomes
Uses modern techniques to build a economically, functionally, sustainable, and safe buildings
Master of Architecture (M.Arch.) is best suited for students whose undergraduate degree is in area other than architecture or those who completed a pre-professional program in architecture. This program includes a detailed understanding of theory, design, technology and history related to architecture. Students are provided with opportunity to participate in internships and study abroad semesters during an architecture program.
Cross-disciplinary working and collaboration
Conducting and documenting fieldwork
Research methods help us gain specific knowledge about the chosen specialization
Deals with climatic changes
Mathematical models of global climate change
Reduce energy usage
Effects of climatic changes
Implementation of surrounding eco-system elements into infrastructure which makes it eco-friendlier
Design of vernacular structures
Conceiving of architectural design
Influence of utilitarian and symbolic functions
Trade-offs in production and maintenance
Learning to customize designs as per individual specific ideas