How to Become a Computer Programmer

This article provides in-depth information into What is a Computer Programmer? What Computer Programmer do? Degrees for Computer Programmer, Steps to become Computer Programmer and much more.

Computer Programmer

A computer programmer is someone who writes, executes and tests code for software and applications through the use of programming languages like java, python, c++. After the Designer Designs the front end of the software, Programmer is responsible for proper functioning of application and software.

What does Computer Programmer do ?

A computer Programmer performs a number of processes in a software development phase such as,

  • Write codes for different types of software like Operating System, System Software, Utility Software, Device Drivers etc.
  • Help in implementing an integrated Information System in the organization.
  • Help in Building Automated solutions for the organization to turn manual work to automated process.
  • Contributes to all processes of development model of a software lifecycle like defining the structure, developing working prototypes, coding and testing each unit and finally integrating it.
  • Routine Maintenance of programs to ensure proper functionality.
  • Modifying the codes or structure of programs and updating new function to the existing program.

Steps for becoming Computer Programmer


Earn An Appropriate Degree

The standard requirement for a computer programmer is a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or related field i.e. Information System, Information technology or Mathematics. You can also get a job in programming if you have an associate’s degree in computer science. Also, you can get certificates and diploma through online programs. However, without a bachelor’s degree in both the cases, you should have some experience in this field.


Choosing A Specialization

A computer programmer has various options to choose as a specialization. E.g. Artificial intelligence, Robotics, computer and networking securities.  You should be very careful while choosing a specialization in computer programming as it is a very dynamic field and the trends and technology changes very fast.


Gaining Work Experience

Working as an intern for few months or years in this field can help you get a good entry-level job as this industry is very vulnerable to errors and employers prefer experienced candidates to avoid the inconvenience and cost in training the employees. You can easily find an internship during your bachelor’s program. It will give you exposure to the industry and help you lend in a good job.


Get Certified

Although to work as a computer programmer no certification is required but undergoing this certification courses will add value to your resume and enhance your future prospects. Organizations like Microsoft, Cisco provides various certifications Such as Cisco certified network engineer and Microsoft certified application developer.

Computer Programmer Degree Levels


Certification programs help an individual get the basic understanding of the tools and techniques required for developing and software or IT product. It builds a foundation in computer science and helps develop an understanding of computer programming language.

Large Scale Application Deployment
  • Requirements assessments.

  • Impact analysis.

  • Lifetime maintenance.

  • Scalability concerns.

  • To develop a systematic framework

  • Life cycle management of large-scale applications

  • To manage enterprise application platform

Digital Forensics
  • Investigate and recover data.

  • Conduct standard forensic examinations.

  • Conduct forensically sound examinations.

  • To look for traces of data

  • Identifying, preserving and extracting electronic evidence

  • Work collaboratively with clients

Data Mining
  • Techniques in data mining.

  • Data mining analysis.

  • Association and cluster analysis.

  • Anomaly detection.

  • Mining useful information

  • Discovering knowledge from the big data

  • Tools for discovering information in large data sets


Students who want an associate degree in computer programming can gain a degree of Associate of Science (AS) or Associate of Applied Science (AAS) in the field. It is a two years program and generally offered in community colleges and online through distance learning. Besides courses in programming languages, students will learn about operating systems, networking, software maintenance, databases and data management.

Programming and Software Development
  • Independently design programs.

  • Execute tests to identify software bugs.

  • Software maintenance.

  • Procedure to Design and develop Software

  • Programming languages

  • Build web-enabled applications

Computer Programming and Analysis
  • Computer Programming

  • Analysis techniques

  • Software Development

  • Foundation of computer technologies

  • Web application development

  • Programming analysis

Web Design and Development
  • HTML

  • CSS

  • JavaScript

  • SEO and WEB Concepts

  • Designing and developing Websites

  • Web development tools

  • Overall Site Design and Management


A bachelor’s degree in computer programming is a very popular choice among aspiring programmers. It gives a clear understanding and in-depth knowledge of programming languages as well as discrete mathematics and its uses in programming. A student also learns about algorithms, computer architecture and organization, computer networks and software designing.

  • Forming Algorithms.

  • Break down problems into modules.

  • Transform quantitative data into visual graphs.

  • Form and interpret algorithms

  • Achieve maximum efficiency and correctness

  • Synthesize efficient algorithms

Computer Architecture
  • Digital representation of numbers.

  • Logic Gates.

  • Structure and organization of components.

  • Assembly and Machine Language.

  • Interaction of different components of a system

  • Achieving synchronization

  • Organization and architecture of digital computers

Computer Networks
  • Designing and implementing protocols.

  • Establish secure and encrypted connection.

  • Solving network and security problems

  • Management of local area networks

  • Theoretical understanding of data communication


There is no specifically defined computer programming degree in masters as compared to bachelors. So, Masters is ideal for those looking for a management position. It is generally awarded as Masters of Computer Science. It prepares Students to be programming leaders. It requires students to study various fields including maths, A.I and computer system. A student might take any field as specialization.

Data Analytics
  • Descriptive Statistics.

  • Machine Learning.

  • Inferential Statistics.

  • Prescriptive analytics.

  • Inspecting, visualize, and modelling data trends and patterns

  • Extracts useful information

  • Interpret data findings effectively

Artificial Intelligence
  • Understanding different logics.

  • Pattern Recognition.

  • Neural networks.

  • Decision trees.

  • Design a knowledge-based system

  • Analyze current trends

  • Terminology used in this topical area

Software Engineering
  • Software Processes

  • Design Overview

  • Testing Overview

  • Development, operation, and maintenance of software

  • Evolving software engineering methods

  • Software quality assurance practices


Similarly, as with most doctoral programs, there is a solid spotlight on unique research for ventures or your paper. Most doctorates in computer science programs enable you to make your own study plan which relates to your professional objectives through courses in programming languages, software engineering, data security, working frameworks, database administration, cryptography and Artificial Intelligence. Numerous projects expect you to exhibit your insight on a thorough examination at the finish of the program.

Software Engineering Researcher
  • Computer Science.

  • Digital Humanities.

  • Innovate new systems through

  • Systems research, design, and development

  • Performance analysis.

Computer Scientist in System Security
  • Wireless Security.

  • Security and Privacy in Cloud Computing.

  • Security and Privacy in Cloud Computing.

  • Conduct systems security research

  • Large-scale threat analysis

  • Data privacy and, network security

Applied Research Manager
  • Promote innovation and guide change.

  • Prepares proposals for new research activities.

  • Handling various projects

  • Develop core technologies

  • Compose algorithm structures