How to Become a Pilot

This article provides in-depth information into What is a Pilot? What Pilot do? Degrees for Pilot, Steps to become Pilot and much more.


Pilots are responsible for controlling and flying an aircraft. A pilot flies different types of planes like airplanes, helicopters, airships, gyroplanes, balloons or gliders. Also, there are different types of pilots like a private pilot, recreational pilot, commercial pilot, flight instructor, sports pilot, and airline transport pilot. We will mostly discuss commercial pilot here.

What does Pilot do ?

Pilots fly fixed-winged aircraft and helicopters in order to provide transportation to passengers or cargo. They usually work for airlines and transportation companies.

  • Ensures the plane is balanced.

  • Communicating with the ATC (Air Traffic Control).

  • Monitoring different meters and gauges.

  • Navigating the aircraft for the destination.

  • Controlling and operating the flight.

Steps for becoming Pilot


Earn An Associate Or Bachelor’s Degree

It is not mandatory to attend college to become a pilot, but most commercial airlines prefer a candidate who has a bachelor’s degree or have attended at least 2 years in college as it shows that the candidate can be trained and can handle a challenging curriculum.


Meet Basic Requirement

To be eligible a commercial pilot’s license, the applicant should be at least 18 years old and should have good communication skills. A Student must pass a first-class medical test conducted by an Aeromedical examiner.


Earn Private Pilot Certificate

Private Pilot Certificate is the first thing that a prospective pilot needs to become a commercial pilot. In this training, the students learn the basic operations, maintenance, airport communication and the whole process of flight. The first stage is to start with a single-engine plane.


Log Flight Hours

A student must complete 250 hours of flying in various modes and situation including as pilot in command and solo. He also must complete and earn instrument rating and multi-engine rating. He also must complete take-offs and landings a specific no of times and fly cross-country both in day and night time.


Earn Commercial Pilot License

To get the commercial license a student has to qualify the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) practical task administered by a registered examiner. The examiner tests your knowledge of aviation matters and your flying skills. The student will have to pass a written test about regulation, safety, and navigation.


Pursue Additional Certification

An airline transport pilot certification is needed to become eligible to fly commercial airlines. Additionally, they must be 23 years old and must have 1500 hours of flight experience.


Airline Pilot Job

Once you complete the entire requirement you are eligible to fly commercial airlines.

Pilot Salaries


Pilot Degree Levels


Commercial Airlines require two years of college or an associate degree in any field to be eligible for being a pilot. With an associate degree in a related field like Associate of Science Degree in Aeronautical Science & Technology will increase your chances of getting into good airlines.

Aircraft basic electricity, Electronics
  • Aircraft Wiring

  • Aircraft Generators

  • Avionics System

  • Electrical and electronics systems of an aircraft

  • Technological advances in the field

  • Understanding of aircraft DC generators

Theory of Flight
  • blade flapping dynamics

  • rotor aerodynamic

  • examining the atmosphere

  • To understand how planes fly in the air

  • Structure of the atmosphere and weather patterns

  • Principles of flight and air navigation

  • Fluid Mechanical Apparatus

  • Velocimetry

  • Laminar and Turbulence flows

  • To study the behavior of air when a solid body moves through it

  • Formulate and apply appropriate aerodynamic models

  • Assess the applicability of aerodynamic models


Top airlines companies demand Bachelor’s degree in any field, given the condition that you have completed coursework in physics, maths, aeronautical engineering and English. There are also dedicated bachelors program in aircraft operations, aviation, aeronautical engineering, or a related field.

Aviation Meterology
  • The Atmosphere

  • Heat Exchange Processes

  • Air Temperature, Density and Pressure

  • Understanding of the physical properties of the atmosphere

  • Factors affecting aviation

  • Heat Exchange Processes

Fluid Mechanics
  • fluid theory

  • temperature and energy distributions

  • Analysis Of Experimental Uncertainty

  • Nature and different properties of fluids

  • Internal and external flows

  • Analysis of engineering applications of incompressible pipe systems

Aircraft Structure and Construction
  • Composites in aircraft

  • Transparent plastics

  • Dope and fabric aircraft

  • The mechanism and process of building an aircraft

  • Aircraft structural construction methods

  • Practices and terminology