What is a Bachelor of Science (BS) Degree?

Bachelor of Science abbreviated as BS or B.Sc is a four year undergraduate study that generally requires 120 credits. Read this blog to know more about BS degrees.

Updated by Kritika Pathak on 21st August 2018

What is a Bachelor of Science (BS) Degree?

A B.S Degree or Bachelor of Science Degree is a three-five year undergraduate course which provides highly specialized courses in various streams. Some of the streams which are offered are Computer Science, Statistics, Botany, and many others. The program is best suited for the students who want to lay down their focus more towards the core/major courses; however, you will find many options for electives. The BS degree offers many specializations which are mostly technical or science based. Since the specializations are many, the students would have to pursue more courses in general.

Eligibility and Requirement for a BS Degree

  • The student must be a high school graduate or have an equivalent degree.

  • Official transcripts of high school must be presented.

  • Candidate must have a minimum ACT or SAT scores.

  • Must have a minimum GPA.

  • Complete general, core courses and elective programs.

  • Requires 120-128 semester credits for graduation.

  • Meet the college requirements and standards.

  • Have a GED certificate (if required).

  • Completed an Associate’s Degree (if directly enrolling in the third year).

A Bachelor of Science Degree would provide you with adequate knowledge about the subject and equip you with the skills necessary for getting a job. It includes various courses and provides an interdisciplinary approach towards it.

Bachelor of Science Degree Division:

General Education Courses: The degree would require you to complete coursework in subjects of natural sciences, humanities, social sciences and many others. It provides flexibility to the students to choose their academic options, depending on their interest.

The colleges mostly ask the students to complete the courses in the first two years of the degree and then move towards the upper division courses/classes which includes the major subjects.

Elective papers: These are the optional subject papers provided to the students which are diverse in nature. From liberal arts to social sciences, it includes many subjects as such. It may be related to the core subjects or not. For instance, if you’re pursuing a degree in biotechnology, you can choose sociology as your elective subject.

Core/Major Papers: The main subject in which you are going to major in is called the core paper. For example, majors in mathematics, computer science or psychology.

 Why is a Bachelor of Science Degree important?

  • Increases job opportunities- As most of the sectors require the candidates to be a graduate, a bachelor of science degree would help fulfill that criteria. It would help fetch various job opportunities as the curriculum and the course structure provides technical knowledge in the particular fields.

  • Better Salary- You can earn more than a high school graduate since the degree has a great value. Since the job opportunities are wide, the wage rate also increases.

  • Graduate degree requirement- The basic eligibility for getting enrolled in a graduate degree is the completion of an undergraduate degree. For example, if you want to pursue MS in Physics, you should have a BS in Physics or related fields.

  • Provides foundational knowledge in the subject- The degree provides the basic knowledge of the subject and hence proves to be a pioneer of success.

 What are the major subjects for a Bachelor of Science Degree?

Few major subjects in the BS Degree are:

  • Biology - Biology is the study of the living organisms and their structure, chemical and metabolic processes, evolution and many other concepts as such.

  • Physics - It is the study of matter and its interaction in the universe. It includes concepts such as momentum, big bang theory, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics and many others.

  • Chemistry - It is the study of the substances and matter in nature and the study of atoms and molecules.

  • Mathematics - It is the discipline which deals with the numbers, quantities, the abstract methods and applied mathematics.

  • Engineering - Engineering is related to the study of science, technology, designing of materials and structuring them.

  • Biochemistry - It is a study of both biology and chemistry, and the interactions and relations between them.

  • Earth science - Earth science deals with the physical aspect of earth and its atmosphere. It deals with the scientific issues existing on the planet.

  • Sport/exercise science – In this subject, people gain knowledge about how a human body reacts during playing any sport or indulging in exercises. It studies the human health.

  • General science - It is basically a combination of many basic sciences taught as one. It integrates physics, chemistry, biology, earth science and many other subjects.

 What are the jobs you can get after completing a Bachelor of Science Degree?

A Bachelor degree in Science can fetch you jobs such as:

  • Accountant- You can work as an accountant in any corporate company. It requires you to have knowledge of accounts, receipts, economics, and finance.

  • Engineer- After completing the degree in Engineering, you can build, analyze, or design various structures and machines.

  • Nurse- After completing a degree in nursing, you can opt for this profession. It would train you to take care of the patients, study medicine and many other subjects as such.

  • Chemical Engineer- The professional must have skills in chemistry, chemical engineering using the concepts of biology, chemistry or physics. The BS degree in Chemical Engineering helps gain those skills.

  • Environmentalist- It is a profession which is concerned with saving and conserving the environment through various methods. 

  • Biologist- The professionals who study the living organisms and their surroundings are known as a biologist. The degree in biology helps one to become a biologist.

 Elective subjects offered in the Bachelor of Science course are:


Art History

American Government

Data Processing

World Civilizations

Criminal Procedures

Business Analytics

Child Development

College Mathematics

Money and Banking

Cultural Anthropology

Healthcare Management

Universities that provide BS degree

Capella University

Walden University

North Carolina Central University

Saybrook University

Ashford University

Duke University

Liberty University

Grantham University

Colorado State University

Kaplan University


This course will grant you with all the required arrows in your quiver that one needs to excel in the field of science. A Bachelor of Science degree focuses on science and technical-based subjects. Bachelor of Science degrees is offered in areas like computer science, nursing, mathematics, biochemistry, and physics. It would help you find many job opportunities in your respective field.


  Can you enroll in it after completing an Associate's Degree?

Yes. You can enroll in a Bachelor of Science Degree directly in the third year, after completing an Associate's Degree. Transfer of credits is possible.

  What are the eligibility criteria for enrollment?

You must have a high school, GED or an equivalent degree. 

Official transcripts of college must be presented. 

  What is the duration for completing the degree?

The Bachelor of Science degree can be completed in 3-5 years, depending on the course. 

  Can the students enroll in an online BS degree course?

Yes. Many colleges/universities offer the online bachelor of science courses and also offer accelerated formats for education to help in completing the degrees sooner than on-campus education. 

  Is it necessary to complete the elective courses in the degree?

Yes. The standards must be met and elective courses must be completed in order to complete the undergraduate degree successfully.