How to Become an Anesthesiologist

This article provides in-depth information into What is an Anesthesiologist? What Anesthesiologist do? Degrees for Anesthesiologist, Steps to become Anesthesiologist and much more.

An Anesthesiologist is a skilled medical professional who is specialized in the field of anesthesiology. Anesthesiologists are doctors specialized in perioperative care, developing anesthetic plans, and the administration of anesthetics. Anesthesiologist handles the responsibility of designing and implementing plans to usher patients safely through surgery.

What does an Anesthesiologist do ?

Prior to surgery, an anesthesiologist keeps track of patient’s health condition and variations. An anesthesiologist will be by the patient side throughout the surgery and ensure that the patient’s health is stable right through till the post-anesthesia care unit. Role of an anesthesiologist is listed below

  • Keep a continuous track of monitoring vital signs

  • Monitoring of the level and depth of anesthesia

  • Making modifications if essential

  • Recognition of any possible life-threatening crises and timely intervention

  • Ensuring the safety of the patient and taking appropriate steps to avoid any injuries to the patient’s body during the anesthetic period

Steps for becoming an Anesthesiologist


Earn A Bachelor's Degree

A student needs to earn an undergraduate degree in any field as a medical school does not require designated pre-medical degree program. Students can also choose undergraduate courses that help to become and fulfil prerequisites associated with medical school. Undergraduate course related to medical school include biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics


Apply To Medical School

Earning a four-year medical school education is the basic criteria to become an anesthesiologist. It also acts as the eligibility for pursuing a doctor of medicine (M.D) or doctor of osteopathy (D.O) degree. This is one of the most competitive application processes. The Medical College Admissions Test is a standardized, multiple-choice exam used to determine a candidate's knowledge of science concepts, as well as their problem-solving and critical thinking skills.


Complete A Medical School Program

During the initial two years, of course, students study subjects like microbiology, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, medical ethics, and anatomy. During the remaining two years of medical school, students start to gain practical experience caring for patients in medical facilities, such as hospitals and clinics. The clinical rotations are administered by experienced physicians and permit students to explore a variety of specialties that include pediatrics, gynecology, cardiology, and geriatrics.


Complete A Residency In Anesthesiology

At the end of medical school, surgeons undertake four years of expert training that contain one year of rotations as well as internship associated to general medicine followed by three years of a rigorous anesthesiologist education


Pursue A Fellowship In A Sub-specialty

After students are done with their residency year, fellowship programs are not mandatory. These programs are of one to two years and concentrate on specific area of anesthesiology such as neurosurgery, pediatric, transplant or dental anesthesiology.


Obtain A License

A doctor must have a license in order to work in the United States as an anesthesiologist. In addition to passing a two-part examination, physicians must also fulfill additional requirements set by the state

Anesthesiologist Degree Levels


Earning an associate in this area will help students to work under the supervision of an anesthesiologist in a number of different circumstances including standard operations and emergencies. Students tend to become skilled at assessing the physical condition of patients, helping prepare patients for surgery, transporting patients, and maintaining and monitoring equipment

EKG analysis
  • Recording the electrical activity of the heart

  • Cardiology test

  • Non-invasive procedure

  • Reflect underlying heart conditions


A detailed study of the systematic method to interpret the ECG and able to identify common ECG abnormalities

Anatomy and physiology
  • Structure and relationship between body parts.

  • The function of body parts

  • Introduction to cytology

  • Introduction to neurology


Study and understand the fundamental scientific concepts related physiology

  • Study of micro-organisms

  • Structure, function, use of organisms.

  • Effects of micro-organisms

  • Introduction to Virology


Study of microbiology helps to treat and prevent diseases that are caused by micro-organisms


Bachelor’s degree is a minimum requirement that a student needs to enter Doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathy. The first two years of medical school focus on anatomy and physiology along with common diseases and medical disorders. Third- and fourth-year medical students complete rotations and clerkships to acquire hands-on experience in the full range of medical practice specialties.

  • Study of drug action

  • Personalized medicine

  • Clinical pharmacology

  • Study of molecular biology


A detailed study of biology and its techniques to be implemented in medicine

  • Study of disorder of nerves

  • Deals with peripheral nervous system

  • Working of cranial nerves

  • Computed axial tomography


Study and diagnose neurological emergencies to initiate treatment for patients

Pain management
  • Dealing with improving quality of life

  • Medical practitioners

  • Pharmacists

  • Clinical psychologists


A study introduced to deal with understand the fundamentals of caring for patients with acute, chronic, and cancer pain


Students interested to pursue a career as nurse anesthetist need to earn a master degree. This program trains students to work with patients and support anesthesiologists. A detailed study of vital signs and administer numerous forms of anesthesia in various medical situations. This program comprises theoretical coursework as well as clinical practice, which helps student gain hands-on experience working under the supervision of professionals in the field.

Principles of anesthesia
  • Study preoperative and postoperative care

  • Determine anesthetic and surgical procedure

  • Anesthesia professional


This course presents the theory of clinical anesthesia to Anesthesia Assistant program students

Anesthesia pharmacology
  • Drug passage across the cell membrane

  • Drug action

  • Drug interaction

  • Isomerism


This course is designed to provide basic instruction in the principles of pharmacology

Anatomy and physiology for nurse anesthesia
  • Presentation of anatomy and physiology 

  • Introduction to cell physiology


To govern anesthesia depending on the patient’s anatomy and physiology


Anesthesia certificate programs focus on merging theoretical educations with experimental rotations. Students are educated about the procedures involving specialties ranging from pediatrics to neurosurgery

Critical Care Medicine Certification
  • Management of critically ill patient

  • Training in primary specialty

  • Specialization in critical care medicine

  • Utilize recognized techniques

  • Clinical judgment

  • Critical thinking

Pain medicine (PM) Certification
  • Diagnosis of painful disorders

  • Treatment for such disorders

  • Multidisciplinary subspecialty

  • The anatomical basis of pain perception


Application of medicine for complicated cases

Hospice and Palliative Medicine certification
  • Scientific knowledge about symptom control

  • Research efforts about seriously ill patient

  • Acquire subspecialist-level knowledge

  • Skills in hospice and palliative medicine 


Acquiring deep knowledge about caring for seriously ill patients