How to become an Electrical Engineer

This article provides in-depth information into What is an Electrical Engineer? What Electrical Engineers do? Degrees for Electrical Engineers, Steps to become Electrical Engineer and much more.

An electrical engineer is a professional who works on developing electrical systems and circuits to transmit power and electricity. This profession deals with designing and developing electronic devices using the fields related to electricity, electromagnetism, electronics, and other related technologies. Here is everything you need to become an electrical engineer and achieve success.

What does an Electrical Engineer do ?

An electrical engineer also has a wide door of opportunities in other fields where they solve problems and suggest solutions in related fields.

  • They test and evaluate the electric system to study and improve the devices

  • Developing electrical components to ease customer experience based of their brief

  • Design a system for worldwide communication

  • Conduct  retest on the electrical products and systems for required modification

  • Innovating new products and maintain the standards

  • Communicate with teammates during the project development 


Steps for becoming an Electrical Engineer

1

Get A Bachelor's Degree In Electrical Engineering

Students must earn a Bachelor's Degree in electrical engineering accredited by the ABET-Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. The coursework includes the general classes with the core subjects dealing with the electrical systems, circuits, energy conversion and various equations derived. They also gain practical knowledge and the labs and internship programs.

2

Consider A Master’s Degree

Some students prefer to choose a combined Bachelor's with a Master’s degree for a five years program. This program gives a better and in-depth understanding of the electrical circuit, devices, and digital signal processing. A master's degree is beneficial for students who are career-oriented and want to explore other opportunities such as the role of an instructor at college in electrical engineering or a research and development position at an organization.

3

Clear The Fundamentals Of Engineering Exam

The Fundamental of Engineering Exam is designed to provide license for electrical engineers and the requirements to apply are that you must have graduated with the program accredited by the ABET-Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. After clearing the FE exam, candidates are called engineers-in-training or interns till they pass the Professional Engineering(PE) exam.

4

Get A Job And Gain Experience

By getting an entry-level job, the graduates get great exposure in the professional fieldwork and also gain experience by the supervision of a trained electrical engineer. The growth of an electrical engineer is broadly based on their experience and qualifications and hence sufficient practical and theoretical knowledge is required to advance in this career. 

5

Clear The Professional Engineering(PE) Exam

After gaining knowledge and experience as an EIT or an intern, you are required to have four years of experience and many states may put regulation to continue your education to maintain their license. After successfully completing the Professional Engineering exam, you become a licensed electrical engineer.


Electrical Engineer Salaries

Electrical Engineer

Electrical Engineer Degree Levels

Associate

 Associates degree is a two years program offered at universities and community colleges. This acts as a stepping stone for the bachelor's degree and accelerates the four-year program. This also offers the same job opportunity with higher earning potentials but students can be sure if they want to continue as an electrical engineer further. An associate degree program in electrical designing technology gets ready graduates for work as engineering professionals. Students in associate degree find out about electronic gadgets and segments. Hands-on preparation in gathering and camouflaging hardware is frequently included.

Logic controllers
  • It includes digital temperature and program logic controllers.

  • Provides knowledge levels needed for PLC programming and operating.

  • Apply PLC Timers and Counters for the control of industrial processes.

Objectives
  • To provide the knowledge to understand various types of PLC registers.

  • Able to create ladder diagrams from process control descriptions.

  • To provide the knowledge about understand various types of PLC registers.

Analog electronics
  • It includes design paradigms, current mirrors, and transistor stages.

  • Examine the building blocks of analog electronics through graphical, analytical and computer tools.

  • Linear voltage regulators, differential amplifiers and active filters are some of the topics typically discussed.

Objectives
  • Gains equations for the Instrumentation Amplifier configuration.

  • Inverting and Non-Inverting configurations.

  • Infinite input impedance and voltage gain.

Computer structure and logic
  • Understanding of the use of computers in electronics,

  • Its operation, working, and the functions that can be performed using a computer.

Objectives
  • Understand computer use in electrical systems

  • Analyze the internal structure of  the computer

  • Basic assembly of the computer

Introduction to Networking
  • Understanding of the data communication between the computers, softwares, hardware and resources

  • coding and decoding, electric switches and network protocols with its functions.

Objectives
  • Understand and Design network protocols

  • Understand the hardware and software components of the computer

  • The network communication technologies

Bachelors

The Bachelor’s degree is a four years program that gives both practical and theoretical knowledge which is useful in the long run. This is the minimum required degree asked for the license exam. The credits from the associate's degree can be exchanged and hence this degree can be completed sooner. 

A Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering gives an establishment in electrical engineering and acquaints understudies with the hypothesis and plan of electrical circuits, gadgets and frameworks, and signs.

Electromagnetic
  • Relating to the interrelation of electric currents or fields and magnetic fields.

  • The physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.

  • Time-varying electric and magnetic fields are coupled in an electromagnetic field.

Objectives
  • To identify, formulate and solve fields and electromagnetic waves.

  • Able to design reception of electromagnetic wave system.

  • Designs of circuits using Conductors and Dielectrics.

Circuits and digital logic
  • Makes logical decisions based on the different combination.

  • Generally only have one digital output.

  • It’s a basic building block from which all digital circuits systems are constructed from.

Objectives
  • Error Correction and Detection.

  • Digital signals can be regenerated to achieve lossless data transmission.

  • It permits data to be stored and retrieved without degradation.

Microprocessor systems
  • This course provides knowledge on the structure of the microprocessor,

  • Their working, structure, application

  • Programming of Microcontroller systems.

Objectives
  • Understand the microprocessor families

  • Control structure and building of the microprocessor systems

  • Microprocessor interaction with the external devices 

  • Uses as a time or a controller to the  analog interfaces

Probability theory
  • Possible calculations of data and bandwidth,

  • Managing the network traffics

  • Variables, distribution, and density functions and laws of data.

Objectives
  • Introduction to probabilities in economic theory.

  • Learn the algorithmic design

  • Calculation of probabilities to make engineering decision

Masters

After graduating with a bachelor's degree, students opt for the master's degree which is a two years program. Students choose similar topics of interest and carry an in-depth study on subjects such as power systems, control systems, telecommunication, and others. Such graduate students can move to the high-end career which involves the management skills in a project related to electronics.

Complex variables
  • Domain and range are subsets of the complex plane.

  • Multiple graphics will be used to provide 4-D graphical representations of analytic functions.

  • Evaluation of integrals and multivalued functions.

Objectives
  • Study of differentiable functions of one complex variable.

  • Complex representation is much "cleaner", with fewer caveats.

  • Using a mix of real and 'imaginary' numbers to explain things in the real world.

Computer engineering and architecture
  • It is a bridge between Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

  • It links hardware implementation with system and software application.

  •  It includes drawing and designing and coding and logic.

Objectives
  • Uses of information technology such as analysis, simulation, design, and planning.

  • Design of hardware and software elements of computer systems.

  • Using innovative mechanisms and integrating software techniques.

Semiconductors
  • This class teaches the use of semiconductors and how it works in an electric circuit with its electrical properties.

Objectives
  • The movement of electrons and holes in the semiconductor when the electricity is passed.

  • Applications of the semiconductors in controlled electric flow

  • Learn concepts of photodetectors, laser, and quantum dot operators

Power systems
  • This course details the energy conversions from electrical to mechanical energies,

  • How electrical energy is used in the transmission of power for the industries and transportation through power cables and transformers.

  • The conversion from other sources of energy such as wind, solar, and hydroelectricity.

Objectives
  • Installation and maintenance of  the power systems in industries

  • Power systems in power plants

  • Calculate the power flow through the electrical systems.

Doctorate

Students who want to and on the top-level jobs such as a researcher, developer, or instructor in fields related to electrical engineering can choose this doctoral degree. A Ph.D. student utilizes the period of the degree program in research and may also engage in teaching courses to the undergrad students. A doctoral degree may be more complex than the other degree branches as this branch covers diverse concepts such as electronics, mathematics, software, technology, theoretical electricity, and other core knowledge.

A Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering degree program incorporates preparing on the nuts and bolts of electronic frameworks and plans. Some present electrical building accentuation zones incorporate semiconductors, strong state microelectronics, remote systems, and electromagnetic.

Electrical power system
  • An electrical component deployed to supply, transfer, store, and use electric power.

  • It is the grid that provides power to an extended area.

  • It includes wind solar electric, geothermal and small-scale hydroelectric generation.

Objectives
  • Helps in assessing the quality of the power.

  • Identifying issues such as voltage sags, swells, and transients.

  • Generate electricity by using heat to produce steam that turns turbines.

Integrated circuits
  • Known as chip or microchip.

  • It is a semiconductor wafer on which millions of tiny resistors and transistors are fabricated.

  • It can function as the counter, timer, or computer memory.

Objectives
  • Embedding as many transistors as possible on a single semiconductor chip.

  • It is a building blocks of most electronic devices and equipment.

  • As large number of components can be packed into a single chip.
Electromagnetic and computational methods
  • Numerically study complex systems by means of a computer simulation.

  • Encourages a well-rounded understanding of the subject.

  • Makes efficient and accurate formulations for electromagnetic applications.

Objectives
  • Make specialized use of generic integral-equation and finite-element methods.

  • Error analysis and the convergence behavior of numerical results.

  • Direct and iterative algorithms for the solutions of linear systems.


Online course in electrical engineering

An online degree in electrical engineering gives a wide range of topics that you can specialize in and flexible study hours. This is opted by students who do not prefer attending classes at the university. This gives options to the candidate to choose accredited courses with accelerated learning. It also gives learning support according to your learning pace with the assistance of online libraries and resources.

Electrical engineer’s salary

According to the 2020 statistics, the average salary of an electrical engineer is about $144,477 per annum and it may range from $130,465 and $155,567 depending on your education, certifications, professional experience, and skills sets.

Job growth

Electrical engineers are said to be competitive and are updated with the latest technologies, where they can be hired in any field due to this. According to the U.S. Department of Labour, there is an increase of 7 percent and 10,700 new jobs will be created by the end of 2022.