How to become a Writer

This article provides in-depth information into What is a Writer? What Writers do? Degrees for Writer, Steps to become Writer and much more.

A writer is a person who is engaged in writing their thoughts and ideas as stories, articles, poems, journals. To become a writer and gain professionalism you must conceptualize ideas, research writes, edits the scripts to make it easy for the audience to read.

Here are the following steps to follow to become a writer,

  • Complete a High School Degree
  • Select a career path you want to pursue
  • Get your Writing Education
  • Gain experience in writing
  • Build a portfolio and land on a Job
  • Consider MA/MFA

Career Title


Degree Requirements

High School Degree

Job Growth


Experience required

1-2 years

Salary (2020)


How long to become a Writer

4 years

Required Skills

Communication skills, narrative, imagination, researching skills

What does a Writer do ?

A writer can choose to work across various genres such as fiction, nonfiction, poetry, satire, and in various industries such as technical writer, blogger, editor, copywriter, novelist, creative writer, feature writer, and other.

The writing skills are important in the professional world and it is developed over time with experience and practice 

  • Conduct research on the topic you want to write

  • Write exhaustive articles, scripts, novels with appropriate research

  • Choose subject matters according to the reader interests

  • Prepare drafts and approach the editors 

  • Receive feedback from the clients

  • Writ copies to advertise in newspapers, magazine, broadcast, and internet

Steps for becoming a Writer


Earn A High School Degree

The first step to get a high school degree or an equivalent education which is the minimum educational requirement to qualify for a writing job. This gives you proficiency in computer usage, writing, reading, and editing skills. With good writing practice,  you can start preparing for being a professional.

Step 1 Earn a High School Degree


Decide On Your Career Path

You must decide upon what you want to write and specialize in, it could be deciding upon the different genres such as fiction, nonfiction, biography, poems, novels, and others. You can also decide on what industry you want to enter such as technical writer, blogger, editor, copywriter, novelist, creative writer, feature writer. 

Before choosing your education, be sure of what you want to write, you could also explore your interest as you start writing.

Step 2 Decide on your Career path


Complete Your Writing Education

Your writing education could be of two types. One, being formal training by obtaining an Associate’s degree in English or Bachelor's degree in English, Journalism, or Communication. These degrees give you skills in creative writing and how to emphasize the words used, you can be chosen if you want to work as a full-time writer. 

Second, Informal education is learned through experience, as you get exposure by publishing your writings in the newspaper and other mediums, you gain knowledge with the technicality and familiarity with the improvement of the articles.

Step 3 Complete your writing education


Gain Experience

After obtaining an education, you seek to gain a practical experience where you apply your classroom learning in real-world projects. You could begin writing as early at your college for the theaters as a playwright, college newspaper. Gradually enter into professional writing in the fields of business, marketing, or healthcare. An internship could help you develop new skills in writing and also get to be supervised under an experienced writer.

Step 4 Gain experience


Land On A Job

After gaining sufficient education and experience, you could get a full-time job opportunity in the industry of your interest. But if your interests are towards writing novels, poems, screenwriting you could be hired based on your work and experience. This requires your dedication and persistence.

You must note that a writer or an author required several hours of on- the -job training and experience.

Getting a certification from the Certified Grant Writers or the American Grant Writers Association can increase your credibility. These certifications help writers gain professionalism and competence which demonstrates higher chances of getting hired among the applicants.

Step 5 Land on a Job


Earn An MA/ MFA

If you are career-oriented and interested in advancing your career better, you could choose the Master of Arts or Master of Fine Arts which gives you a better understanding of the literature and writing techniques. This is an optional degree and if you are interested in pursuing a Ph.D. level, this acts as a bridge to your professional.

Step 6 Earn an MA/ MFA

Writer Salaries


Writer Degree Levels


Writing certificates are short-term instructional programs that teach students applied writing skills, knowledge about mechanics and style, and insight into how to write for different audiences. As professional development programs, certificates include curriculum in multiple niche areas. These areas range from fiction to feature film writing, television writing to grant writing. The length of certificate programs varies but typically requires five to eight classes to complete.

Fiction Writing
  • Control narrative and psychic distance

  • The transition between Scene and sequel
  • Controlling narrative pace  

  • To learn seamless transition

  • Managing the pace

  • Use of strong scenes

Memoir Writing
  • Dramatic arc

  • Chapter development

  • Unifying threads

  • Utilize narrative modes

  • Scene, summary, and musing
  • Creating a fully realized scene

  • Three-act structure

  • Instructor's innovative approach to Story finding

  • Nugget and Conflict Grid system

  • New rules for screen storytelling

  • Advanced formulas for the three-act structure

  • Ways to create character-driven conflict


The associate degree is an industry-focused academic program. It provides students with the practical knowledge they can use to transition into an entry-level career or continue into a four-year bachelor’s degree program. They typically require between 60 and 66 credit hours to complete, which usually requires at least two years of full-time study. This acts as a stepping stone to start the bachelor's degree with an easy transition and transfer of credit hours. The degree helps in improving the creativity required for a writer with suitable workshops, assignments, theoretical skills,  business communication, advanced composition, and editing. The curriculum is designed to nurture student’s creativity while helping them build writing proficiencies they can use to become a professional writer or editor.

English literature
  • Introduction to different elements of writing

  • Contemporary American and English literature

  • Public Speaking as a Liberal Art

  • Learn different elements of writing

  • Learn on insights of how to improve their writing

  • Study the literature and texts around the world

English composition
  • Fundamentals of professional writing

  • Language theory

  • Overview of composition, business writing, grammar and rhetoric

  • Learn about the importance of grammar, composition, writing skills

  • Basic concepts on the reading and writing

  • Composition of particles according to various industries such as nonprofit groups, government agencies, publications, entertainment, media, and business. 

Creative writing
  • Literary theory

  • Experiential practice in composition and revision

  • Using Structure to Reflect Theme

  • Constructing and structuring of the writings

  • Preparing the drafts, editing, and rewriting the story according to the genre.

  • Understand the literature theory

  • Learn the experimenting of composition


Bachelor’s degree programs generally require four years of full-time study and expose students to general education coursework and classwork in their chosen writing specialty. At this level, the most common majors include English literature, creative writing, and English with a writing emphasis (composition). These writing degrees offer students multiple academic pathways that can lead to either work as a writer or into further graduate studies. 

Professional and Technical Writing
  • Graphics and document design

  • Production of publications

  • Technical writing and editing

  • To be able to research topics

  • Analyze the information

  • Understand the audience and write a clear explanation

Journalistic Writing
  • News reporting, writing, and editing

  • Techniques of media research

  • Writing editorials and features

  • Develop skills in interviewing and research

  • Improve analytical and critical thinking

  • Writing news articles for magazines and newspapers

Creative Writing
  • Biographies and autobiographies

  • Creative Nonfiction

  • Scripts

  • Encouraging writer's imagination, ideas, and feelings

  • Convey ideas clearly

  • Good grammar and composition


The master’s in writing can take several forms, including a Master of Arts in rhetoric and composition, Master of Arts in literature with a writing emphasis, Master of Arts in creative writing, Master of Arts in professional writing, and a Master of Fine Arts. These programs require between one and two years of full-time study to complete and may require a thesis or final project to graduate.

Rhetoric and composition
  • Professional writing

  • Research methodologies

  • Rhetorical Analysis

  • Learn the professional writing methodologies

  • Improve on written communication

  • Learn literature theory

Literacy studies
  • History & theory

  • Individuals

  • Literacy & life

  • Study about writing and literature

  • Professional writing techniques

  • Publishing of articles

Professional writing
  • Planning, communication process and writing process

  • Correspondence analysis

  • Correspondence draft discussion

  • Expose writers to professional and business writing genres and contexts

  • Proper practices for writing

  • Encourage thoughtful document design

Master of Fine arts
  • focus on their creative writing and it includes 

  • emphasis on the word along with the real-world skill development

  • Development of creative writing skills

  • Improve the word choice and emphasize on required words

  • Understand the practicality of the writing


Doctoral programs in writing are for students who want to work in academia as scholars and educators at the university level. The most advanced studies of writing, Ph.D. programs can require between four and six years to complete. Ph.D. programs are competitive as they offer students the opportunity to conduct original scholarship and position themselves for tenure-track positions at the university level after graduation.

Writers salaries

According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics,  The average salary for a Writer in the United States is $60,088 per year and the salary ranges from $50,198 and $69,727 and the salary typically depends on the amount of experience, education, certification, and additional skills.

Not all writers want to be in the occupational field and two-thirds of writers are self-employed freelancers and their salaries vary. 

Professional, scientific, and technical writers earn about $61,630. Entertainment and recreation writers earn $59,290. Educational services, state, local, and private writers earn about $52,340.

Job growth

The advent of the writer's profession has given a new dimension to the internet, social media, online publishing, and media productions. According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics, the job growth of the writers is expected to increase by 8 percent compared to the average job growth during the period of 2016 to 2026.

Job concentrations

As you study the diverse courses, you get marketable to numerous career opportunities, Here are some career concentration you could choose with the degree you earned to become a writer,

Technical writer:

A technical writer is a professional writer whose duties are to prepare documentation, instruction manuals, write complex information as a simple guide. They work in fields such as engineering, industries, engineering, business, and others. This information is written to target a certain audience such as customers, staff. The salary earned by a technical writer may range between $41,000 to $87,000.

Grant writer:

A grant writer is an expertise in writing for the government agencies, charities, private foundations to provide information on the funding, grant submission, grant proposal. This includes the completion of the application process, the creation process of the grants, and maintaining the financial records. This job offers an average salary of $70,735 per year.

Science writer:

A science writer is a  person who writes about the innovations, advancement, discoveries, and facts related to astrophysics, biotechnology, climate change, and genetics. The content they write is reader-friendly and can be understood by audiences of all ages. A science writer is specialized in trade and professional publications, specialist scientific and technical journals, and the general media. The salary offered to a science writer may range from $48,000 to $86,000 annually.


A screenwriter also called a scriptwriter is usually self-employed who works with the media, theater, television to write scripts. It may be original content or modification of a novel, short story, comic book, or another film. This job requires you to be extremely creative, narrative, and able to write unique scripts. You could earn up to $60,000 per year as a screenwriter.


A copywriter is a professional who is connected with the act of promoting or selling a business. The role includes the creation of content with an agenda to propagate such as advertising or a public relation material. They also work on targeting a specific audience in formats such as social media posts, emails, blog posts.

The salary offered ranges between $35,000 to $65,000 per year.

Stand out skills for a Writer

Here are some necessary skills listed to stand out as a writer and help you become a successful writer by increasing your earning potentials,

Language skills: A writer’s profession is to use a common language to reach his audience, and hence his skills with the language must be excellent. This includes grammar use, vocabulary, spelling, choosing the right word, language skills with proper sentence formation. The language skills help in connecting the audience with the views of the writer, hence it requires precision. 

Imagination: The profession of a writer depends on his imagination skills and creativity. With good narrative and imaginary skills, he puts his views and thoughts on the paper and this makes it different from just raw material with words.

Ambitious: Not all writers work at a job at an organization, many are self-employed freelance writers, and hence to be a successful writer among the lot, you must be a highly motivated individual and enthusiastic about your career. Being ambitious helps make new contacts, clients.

Narrative skills: A writer always puts his thoughts across words or the readers, hence extraordinary narrative skills are required to keep the readers engaged. Especially for a songwriter, screenplay writer, it is important to narrate the story in an effective manner to connect with the audience.

Digital media: You must be aware of the latest technologies used in the marketing landscape to be a successful writer. You must be aware of the Search Engine Optimization, content writing, HTML, CSS, and other techniques to publish yourself at the digital media. This allows you to create content based on your audience and online readers.

Research skills: Producing informative content requires high knowledge and researching skills, you could go in-depth and extract information on the topics you write to give more knowledge and facts to the audience.