A forensic scientist collects evidence and analyzes the evidence in a laboratory and summarizes their findings in written reports. They often testify in court, particularly if they have specialized areas of expertise such as fingerprinting, biochemistry, DNA analysis, blood spatter patterns, chromatography analysis, or handwriting analysis.
A forensic scientist provides impartial scientific evidence for use in courts of law to support the prosecution or defense in criminal and civil investigations.
Analyses samples, for example, hair, body liquids, glass, paint, and medications, in the research facility.
Apply techniques such as gas and high-performance liquid chromatography, scanning Electron microscopy, mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy and genetic fingerprinting
Sift and sort evidence, frequently held in minuscule quantities
Record findings and collect trace evidence from scenes of crimes or accidents
Attend and examine scenes of crimes
Liaise with team members and coordinate with outside agencies such as the police
Analyse and interpret results and computer data
Review and supervise the work of assistants
Present the results of your work in written form or by giving oral evidence
Justify findings under cross-examination in courts of law
Research and develop new forensic techniques.
To become a forensic scientist a student should first seek after a bachelor’s degree program, ideally in one of the natural sciences or in forensic science specifically. Although requirements for entry-level or trainee work in one of the forensic science disciplines often vary according to the law enforcement or governmental agency, the majority of employers require, at a minimum, a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university.
Some jobs in forensic science require an advanced degree and specialized training. For these jobs, student have to complete a master’s degree in forensic science. A master’s degree in this field also increases the marketability of the candidate. Most of the forensic scientist holds a master’s degree in forensic science.
An internship is a great opportunity for a student to gain hands-on experience in the forensics field. A student should do an internship during their degree program to enhance their chances of getting hired.
Once student lands in a job he will work under the supervision of a senior forensic scientist. Many employers have training programs in place for new graduates, while others have specific probationary periods.
In addition to completing a degree program in forensic science and a training period or program, many forensic scientists seek professional certification through a forensic specialty board. Some employers require their forensic scientists to achieve certification, while some forensic scientists pursue certification as to achieve professional recognition or advance into a supervisory role.
Bachelor’s degrees in forensic science may be in the form of a bachelor of science in biology or chemistry, or they may be forensic science degrees with concentrations in biology or chemistry. Further, some forensic science bachelor’s degrees allow students to focus their degree on a specific area of forensic science, such as DNA, trace evidence, or ballistics.
Genomics & Post-Genomics
Retroviral & HIV molecular biology
To study about nucleic acid structure
The mechanics of replication in bacteria
Repair, transcription, and translation in bacteria
Analysis of Forensic Samples
Analysing forensic samples
Review the existing scientific literature
Apply modern methods of forensic analysis
The Bacterial Cell
Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Provide a conceptual and experimental background in microbiology
Comparative characteristics of microbial organisms
Physical and chemical microbial control
A master’s degree in forensic science provides students with the opportunity to focus their forensic science careers on a specific area of forensic science. Many individuals seek master’s degrees as to advance their career.
Crime Scene Investigation
Organic and Inorganic Analysis
Bloodstain pattern analysis
To learn recognition and analysis of physical evidence
examinations of criminal cases
Reporting in criminal law
History & Basic Genetics
DNA Extraction & Quantitation
To explores fundamental procedures of DNA technology
Application of DNA to forensic settings (human and non-human)
Collect, analyze, and present information
Forensic Genetics and Medicine
Genomic and epigenomic medicine
Basic biomedical knowledge in the legal system
Human biological evidence
Bloodstain pattern analysis
Ph.D. programs are generally reserved for advanced study in forensic chemistry, forensic biology, and forensic biochemistry, thereby making them ideal for individuals interested in pursuing scholar work or teaching opportunities.
Effective crime scene management
Comprehensive and accurate analysis of evidence
Objective analysis of evidence
Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism
Workplace Drug Testing
Quality Control and Assessment
The study of drugs
Implications of drugs in a forensic setting
Classification of poisons
Criminal Law and Procedure
Explores elements of crimes against property
Principles and theories of responsibility
Legal concepts and their practical application
Certificates in forensic science are often pursued by individuals who want to supplement their main degree program, while graduate certificates in forensic science are ideal for those who already possess a bachelor’s degree in natural science or for professionals already employed in the forensic science field and are interested in focusing their career on a specific area of forensic science.
Fingerprint Comparison & Background
Physical Patterns Shoeprints
Glass Evidence Analysis
Impression and trace evidence analysis
Securing a crime scene
Various types of evidence
Advanced body fluid identification techniques
Contemporary forensic biochemistry
Collection, examination, and preservation of evidence
Molecular genetics theory
Haploid and diploid organisms
Evaluate scientific reports
coli as a model system
Geological and biological evolution