How to Become an Economist

This article provides in-depth information into What is an Economist? What Economist do? Degrees for Economist, Steps to become Economist and much more.


An Economist is a practitioner of Social Science who has the ability to research, understand financial markets and work through statistics. Economists provide firms advice on financial markets and latest trends through their understanding of economics.

What does Economist do ?

Economists study the distribution of resources in a society. Such resources include raw materials, land, machines that manufacture goods and labor. They also monitor economic trends, analyze collected data and conduct research.

  • Conducting researches on the current market.
  • Formulating methods to collect data.
  • Providing economic advice to stakeholders.
  • Evaluating past and present economic trends and issues.
  • Writing technical and non-technical papers on economic trends and forecasts.
  • Assessing the impact of different events on the economy of stakeholder.
  • Analysing the efficiency and performance of a company.
  • Preparing briefs for government ministers and answering their queries.

Steps for becoming Economist


Start Early

To be an expert in economics you have to start preparing yourself at an early level. Take maths, economics and statistics classes in high school. It will make your college much easier. You will get the fundamental knowledge about economics. You should also start reading the newspaper and watching tv on latest economic reforms and events.


Get A Bachelor’s Degree

To be an economist you should major in economics, business management or maths related field like statistics. You will have classes in microeconomics, macroeconomics, econometrics and economic theories. In addition to that, you may have to take classes like finance, accounting, and marketing.


Get A Master’s Degree

A master’s degree in economics can be completed in two years. An undergraduate degree in economics or related field is not mandatory to pursue masters in economics but students who have majored in an unrelated field may have to take additional courses.


Get An Internship

Master's candidates often get internships during their time at college, working with a professor or private company assisting with research. This looks great on a resume and can be your foothold in the academic or professional world of economics.


Get A Doctorate Degree

A Doctor of philosophy in economics requires several years of study and is a research-based degree that covers advanced topics in microeconomics, macroeconomics, econometrics, and quantitative analysis.


Starting Out In Career

The private sector, particularly consulting firms and scientific and technical companies, may offer the best chances for employment for economists. Research and educational institutions will also provide employment opportunities. These will be most plentiful for applicants with masters or doctoral degrees.



Professional organizations provide members with an opportunity to network with fellow economists working in the same subfields and to keep current on advancements and research. Organizations include the Association for Social Economics and the National Association for Business Economists.

Economist Salaries


Economist Degree Levels


Job opportunities for students with associates in economics are very few. There are some entry-level jobs in banking, sales, accounting etc. This degree is ideal for students who already have a job and want to advance their career. Most of associate’s degrees in economics are provided online.

  • Supply and demand

  • Consumer behavior

  • Economic Principle

  • Implications of individual human action

  • Utilization and distribution of scarce resources.

  • Variety of economic environments.

  • Aggregate Supply and Demand

  • GDP, GNP

  • Money and Monetary Policy

  • Sustainable rate of economic growth

  • Balance of payments in equilibrium
  • Price stability

Global Economics
  • Globalization of Culture and Economy

  • Population Change and Structure

  • International Money and capital markets

  • Understand economic activity of a country

  • An equitable (fair) distribution of income

  • A sound structure to public finances


Candidates with a bachelor’s degree qualify for some entry-level economist positions, including jobs with the federal government. Most who complete a bachelor’s degree in economics find jobs outside the economics profession as research assistants, financial analysts, market analysts, and similar positions in business and finance.

Business Economics
  • Decision making within organizations

  • Enterprise and its economic environment

  • Organisations and markets.

  • company and its key functional areas

  • Analysis of all business functions

  • Efficient functioning of business

  • Classical Statistics & Simple Regression

  • Binary Response

  • Treatment Effects

  • Statistical analysis of economic data

  • Empirical quantitative analysis

  • Estimate parameters in regressions equations

Business Law
  • Alternative legal system

  • Capital markets law

  • Elements of taxation

  • Understanding the Legal Environment of Business

  • Law and their economic implications

  • contract law in economic relations


A master’s degree program in economics prepares graduates for further study at the doctoral degree level. Some programs allow students to choose an area of emphases, such as international economics or economic development. Others may cover wide-ranging topics in contemporary economic issues. A thesis may also be required, though some programs offer a non-thesis option.

Advanced Microeconomics
  • Preferences and Utility

  • Walrasian Demand & Hicksian Demand

  • Utility for Money

  • Following a proof-based approach

  • Firm grounding in classical microeconomic
  • Behavior under uncertainty

Financial Economics
  • Time value of money

  • Risk and Return

  • The Efficient Market Hypothesis

  • To understand investment tools

  • Financial risks in investment

  • Asymmetric information

International Economics
  • Theory of international trade

  • Income distribution

  • International commercial policy

  • Analysis of international trade

  • Economic development models

  • Analyze and test international trade models


With more education come more job opportunities (and higher pay). If you get your Ph.D., you could teach or work just about anywhere. This takes several years and includes completing detailed research in a specialty field. It is a research-based degree that focuses on the upper-level understanding of quantitative analysis.

Industrial organization
  • Mergers and Acquisition

  • Price discrimination

  • Sub-optimal consumer behavior

  • Strategic behavior of firms

  • Regulatory policy and antitrust policy

  • Market competition.

Income distribution
  • Inequality and Mobility

  • Capital Accumulation and Income Inequality

  • Policy and Political Economy

  • Understanding of the ideal distribution of income

  • Consumption and wealth

  • Develop methods of measuring inequality

International economics
  • Factor Price Equalization and Trade

  • Standard Trade Models and Country Welfare

  • Market Imperfections and Trade

  • Compare alternative theories of international trade

  • Analyze and test international trade models

  • Read and analyze the nation’s balance of payment