How To Become Economist

This article provides in-depth information into What is Economist? What Economist do? Degrees for Economist, Steps to become Economist and much more.

Economist

An Economist is a practitioner of Social Science who has the ability to research, understand financial markets and work through statistics. Economists provide firms advice on financial markets and latest trends through their understanding of economics.

What does Economist do ?

  • Conducting researches on the current market.
  • Formulating methods to collect data.
  • Providing economic advice to stakeholders.
  • Evaluating past and present economic trends and issues.
  • Writing technical and non-technical papers on economic trends and forecasts.
  • Assessing the impact of different events on the economy of stakeholder.
  • Analysing the efficiency and performance of a company.
  • Preparing briefs for government ministers and answering their queries.

Steps for becoming Economist

1START EARLY

To be an expert in economics you have to start preparing yourself at an early level. Take maths, economics and statistics classes in high school. It will make your college much easier. You will get the fundamental knowledge about economics. You should also start reading the newspaper and watching tv on latest economic reforms and events.

2GET A BACHELOR’S DEGREE

To be an economist you should major in economics, business management or maths related field like statistics. You will have classes in microeconomics, macroeconomics, econometrics and economic theories. In addition to that, you may have to take classes like finance, accounting, and marketing.

3GET A MASTER’S DEGREE

A master’s degree in economics can be completed in two years. An undergraduate degree in economics or related field is not mandatory to pursue masters in economics but students who have majored in an unrelated field may have to take additional courses.

4GET AN INTERNSHIP

Master's candidates often get internships during their time at college, working with a professor or private company assisting with research. This looks great on a resume and can be your foothold in the academic or professional world of economics.

5GET A DOCTORATE DEGREE

A Doctor of philosophy in economics requires several years of study and is a research-based degree that covers advanced topics in microeconomics, macroeconomics, econometrics, and quantitative analysis.

6STARTING OUT IN CAREER

The private sector, particularly consulting firms and scientific and technical companies, may offer the best chances for employment for economists. Research and educational institutions will also provide employment opportunities. These will be most plentiful for applicants with masters or doctoral degrees.

7MEMBERSHIPS

Professional organizations provide members with an opportunity to network with fellow economists working in the same subfields and to keep current on advancements and research. Organizations include the Association for Social Economics and the National Association for Business Economists.

Economist Salaries

Economist

Economist Degree Levels

Associate

Job opportunities for students with associates in economics are very few. There are some entry-level jobs in banking, sales, accounting etc. This degree is ideal for students who already have a job and want to advance their career. Most of associate’s degrees in economics are provided online.

Microeconomics

  • Supply and demand

  • Consumer behavior

  • Economic Principle

Objectives

To study the implications of individual human action, specifically about how those decisions affect the utilization and distribution of scarce resources.

Macroeconomics

  • Aggregate Supply and Demand

  • GDP, GNP

  • Money and Monetary Policy

Objectives

To study how the aggregate economy behaves.

Global Economics

  • Globalization of Culture and Economy

  • Population Change and Structure

  • International Money and capital markets

Objectives

To understand all of the economic activity within each country and between countries around the world.

Bachelors

Candidates with a bachelor’s degree qualify for some entry-level economist positions, including jobs with the federal government. Most who complete a bachelor’s degree in economics find jobs outside the economics profession as research assistants, financial analysts, market analysts, and similar positions in business and finance.

Business Economics

  • Decision making within organizations

  • Enterprise and its economic environment

  • Organisations and markets.

Objectives

Get a general overview of the company and its key functional areas.

Econometrics

  • Classical Statistics & Simple Regression

  • Binary Response

  • Treatment Effects

Objectives

Introduction to statistical analysis of economic data, also known as Econometrics.

Business Law

  • Alternative legal system

  • Capital markets law

  • Elements of taxation

Objectives

To have a first contact with the law and their economic implications. In particular, insist on contract law in economic relations.

Masters

A master’s degree program in economics prepares graduates for further study at the doctoral degree level. Some programs allow students to choose an area of emphases, such as international economics or economic development. Others may cover wide-ranging topics in contemporary economic issues. A thesis may also be required, though some programs offer a non-thesis option.

Advanced Microeconomics

  • Preferences and Utility

  • Walrasian Demand & Hicksian Demand

  • Utility for Money

Objectives

Gives more emphasis to mathematical methods following a proof-based approach, and provides a firm grounding in classical microeconomic theory.

Financial Economics

  • Time value of money

  • Risk and Return

  • The Efficient Market Hypothesis

Objectives

To understand different investment tools and its financial risks.

International Economics

  • Theory of international trade

  • Income distribution

  • International commercial policy

Objectives

Analysis of international trade and economic development models.

Doctorate

With more education come more job opportunities (and higher pay). If you get your Ph.D., you could teach or work just about anywhere. This takes several years and includes completing detailed research in a specialty field. It is a research-based degree that focuses on the upper-level understanding of quantitative analysis.

Industrial organization

  • Mergers and Acquisition

  • Price discrimination

  • Sub-optimal consumer behavior

Objectives

Industrial organization is a field of economics dealing with the strategic behavior of firms, regulatory policy, antitrust policy and market competition.

Income distribution

  • Inequality and Mobility

  • Capital Accumulation and Income Inequality

  • Policy and Political Economy

Objectives

Income distribution is how a nation’s total GDP is distributed amongst its population.

International economics

  • Factor Price Equalization and Trade

  • Standard Trade Models and Country Welfare

  • Market Imperfections and Trade

Objectives

International economics is concerned with the effects upon economic activity from international differences in productive resources and consumer preferences and the international institutions that affect them.