Student loans are a great way to tackle the high rise in tuition and other expenses to get a degree. For those student loan borrowers who are getting federal student loans, like Direct Subsidized or Unsubsidized Loans for the first time should take up entrance counseling. This should be done before or at the date when the first loan is disbursed.
Entrance Counseling is also considered as a must for the first time Grad Plus loan borrowers.
Table of contents
- What is the entrance counseling?
- Entrance counseling modules
- Entrance counseling for federal student loans
- Five topics covered by student loan counseling
- Is entrance counseling worth your time?
What is entrance counseling for federal student loans?
To become eligible for the federal student loan you need to complete their entrance counseling as entrance counseling is compulsory for those students who are applying for the federal loans for the first time.
If previously you had applied for any direct subsidized or direct unsubsidized federal loans then you don’t need to complete the entrance counseling session again for a federal loan.
Why is entrance counseling compulsory?
Entrance counseling is compulsory because if you hadn’t taken any loan previously or it’s your first time when you are applying for the loan. So, in the entrance counseling, you are guided thoroughly about the federal loan. It’s benefits, terms and conditions are explained in detail.
Understand the loan process for a Direct loan and what it says.
How you can manage education expenses and other spendings
How defaulting can be avoided on the student loans
Make finances a property
How a repayment schedule should be planned
Students are given a clear understanding of how a student loan works, what are their rights and responsibilities, after a few years of how their loans will look, how they can manage their finances in the best way and meet payment deadlines. All information is provided by entrance counseling.
Entrance Counseling Modules
The following are some modules that will help you understand entrance counseling more clearly.
In the first module, you will understand how your loan behaves after some period of time and how your accumulated interest will increase your debt. Details of multiple loans and your personal information are required to be filled in. Details about the types of federal loans available are also included in this module.
The second module covers interactive tools that will tell you the estimated expenses you can have during the course of your study. In this way, you will have a good idea of whether or not you have sufficient funds to pursue your course. This module also tells you about the benefits you will have if you start paying your interest during the grace period or period of forbearance.
This module covers all the information about how your salary will affect your monthly payments, the available repayment option to you, and when and how you can enter repayment.
In this module, you will know about the available options to protect your loan from defaulting which can prevent you from being a defaulter. These include- loan forgiveness, deferment, resolution of disputes with your loan servicer, discharge or loan cancellation, and consolidation of loans.
The main aim of this section is to provide and educate you with all the information and knowledge about the student loan. It will help you pay off your loan faster, save money and lead a financially stable life.
It helps to create savings accounts and maintaining emergency funds, minimizing or paying off your credit card debt by budgeting your income, spending wisely, considering credits, tax deductions, and other aspects before spending on your paycheck and maintaining a good credit score.
After the complete session, you will have all the information you entered into the tool which will provide you a visual representation of the status of your loan, repayment schedule, and how it will look in a few years under various conditions. It will be helpful to keep track of your goal and make sure you pay off your loans, and with a good credit score, you can build a secure financial future.
Entrance Counseling for federal student loans
Before receiving any loan, the Entrance Counseling makes sure that the borrower knows about the terms and conditions of the loan, and their role and responsibilities as well. Not only for Direct Subsidized or Unsubsidized but Grad PLUS loan borrowers who have never borrowed any loan before also require entrance counseling.
Loan Entrance Counseling is conducted by the school in person, or in written form that the borrower must sign and return to the school, online or through interactive electronic means with borrowers acknowledging receipts of materials. Available in StudentLoans.Org, interactive electronic tools include U.S Departments of Education’s online entrance counseling tools.
The following entrance counseling must be there, no matter how the school provides entrance counseling:
a) Borrowers Rights and Responsibilities
The importance of repayment and the consequences for failing to repay a federal student loan will be discussed by entrance counseling.
Even if the borrower does not complete their academic program, takes longer than normal to complete the program, is unable to obtain employment upon completion, or is dissatisfied, do not receive any educational or other services purchased from the school, then also they have to repay the full loan amounts.
Negative credit score, garnishment of wages, offset of federal and income and state income tax refunds, offset for Social Security benefits payment, collection charges of up to 20% of payments on the loans. Ineligibility for FHA and VA mortgages and other debt collection(including possible litigation) these all things happen while there is defaulting on your federal student loan. It’s very difficult for a borrower to get good credit, auto loans, and mortgages if once he has bad credits which are from the default. The ability of the borrower to get a job or rent an apartment is also affected.
The use of Master Promissory Note (MPN) is also discussed by entrance counseling. When the loan is disbursed or earlier, the borrower has the right to receive a copy of the MPN.
The maximum eligibility period to receive a Direct Subsidized loan is also discussed by the entrance counseling.
In the case of borrowers withdraws, graduates and drop below the half time enrollment, they are required to go exit counseling. The counseling will review:
The school definition of half time enrollment- during regular terms and summer periods, and the consequences of not maintaining half time enrollment.
If the borrower withdraws before completing the program of study, then it is important to contact the appropriate school offices.
During the period when interest is not paid by the borrower, how interest is accrued and capitalized, will be discussed by entrance counseling. Students still enrolled in schools have the option of paying interest if they are Direct Unsubsidized loans and PLUS Loans borrowers.
They will provide a comparison between Direct Unsubsidized loans and Grad PLUS loan for Grad PLUS loan borrowers who previously opted Direct Subsidized or Direct Unsubsidized loans. The maximum interest rates on these loans, the period when interest accrued on these loans, and when the loan will enter repayment will all be reviewed in this comparison.
In case the borrower changes name(e.g. due to marriage), address or telephone number, must be notified to the lender. If their employer, employer’s address or telephone number changes that also should be notified to the lender. The lender should also be notified by the borrower if there is any change in the borrower’s status which may affect the loan, such as a borrower gets a job while receiving an unemployment deferment.
A statement will be received by the borrowers before any repayment begins which has a list of all their federal student loans, including the interest fees, rates, the balance owed and a repayment schedule.
The lender should provide all the documentation of the paid status of the loan, once the loan is fully paid. The borrower should keep all the documentation carefully, in case any proof is needed that the loan has been paid off.
b) Available Repayment Plans
All the repayment options will be discussed by entrance counseling. The monthly repayment amount, based on the range of student’s levels of indebtedness is the example by counseling. This example will depend upon the type of loan borrower has obtained.
The counseling will also review other options relating to repaying of the loans, includes:
If the borrower has any financial difficulty or meets any further requirements, they can opt for deferment and forbearance.
There is no prepayment penalty or fees, in case a borrower wants to prepay their loans in full or half.
c) Tip on Budgets and Managing College Costs
To teach borrowers the basic financial concepts, like how to create a budget and how to save money, many schools use entrance counseling as an opportunity.
The impact of accepting the loans on the student’s eligibility for other forms of student financial aid will also be discussed by the entrance counseling.
Other Available Resources:
Based on the other sources of information, the entrance counseling will provide information, including
Individuals who can answer questions about the borrower’s rights and responsibilities or loan terms and conditions, their names and contact information are required
Information about the National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS) and how the borrower can access their records
The federal student loan borrower can contact the college financial aid administrator from the school from which they borrowed the loan if they have any questions regarding the terms and conditions, rights and responsibilities on their loans.
Five topics covered by student loan counseling
Within half an hour of counseling, it is difficult to understand everything at one time. The following points will help you understand the entrance counseling in a better way:
1) Understanding your loans
This section will allow you to enter your individual loan information. You can enter all of your loans if you have multiple at the starting of your college. It allows you to see how much loan grows over time.
When it comes to your current loans and other financing options, you may also review basic terms and conditions, Like:
How your loan will grow over time
Before loans how and why you can seek gift aid
Types of federal loans and their maximum amount available
2) Managing your expenses
An interactive budgeting tool is the main highlight of this section that prepares you for on-campus expenses. The average cost specific to your school can also be pulled by it.
In order to see if you have enough money to pay for one year of school, you have to check Financial aid, income and expenses personalized for your situation.
The website’s calculator allows you to estimate potential savings. You will also be encouraged to make-in school payments on your loans.
3) Planning to repay
StudentsLoans.Org help you find the right career and put you in the pace. To find the projected annual income of your dream job you can visit the Departments of Labour’s CareerOneStop.
It will help you understand how a salary, or even a placeholder one, will affect
Your future monthly loan repayment
Your repayment plan options
When you should enter repayment
4) Avoiding default
Given that 11.2% of student loan borrower is delinquent on their loans, here are a few steps to follow to not fall into that bracket and in a worst-case scenario default on your loans.
Deferment and forbearance
Loan cancellation and discharge
Resolving disputes with your servicer
5) Making Finance a priority
It is as broad as its name says. Every aspect of your financial future is covered by it like how you can pay off your loan faster with an idea of healthy spending and saving habits.
Open a saving account and keep some emergency fund
Pay off your credit card debt and create a budget wisely
Build, maintain and protect your credit score
Withhold from your paychecks and consider tax deductions, credits.
Is entrance loan counseling worth your time?
As we know entrance counseling has many benefits of its own. Without any penalty, you can cancel your loan or a part of it, once you complete the counseling and realize that student loan is not right for you.
The counseling makes sure you know each and every detail of student loan and confirms that you know your responsibilities as a borrower.
To make sure you have all the knowledge of student loans, the StudentLoans.gov will have quick “Check on Your Knowledge” quiz questions. Ensure that you answer them correctly, so they allow you for further progress.