Interest Free Student Loans - Do they exist?

Student loans are a great way to help manage rising tuition costs. But the only problem with them is the interest rates associated with them. Do interest free student loans exists? Let's find out. Learn more about the interest rates on federal and private student loans and much more.

Updated by Chandni Agarwal on 24th December 2019

With the rise in tuition costs, covering expenses for college can be hard for most people trying to get a college degree. Apart from the tuition, there are a number of expenses to be met like room, board, books and much more.

In order to combat this, you can take out student loans. Student loans are a great to help cover tuition and other expenses. But these loans come with an interest rate, ever asked yourself if you can get an interest free student loan? Do they exist? Where can you get one? Let’s find out.

Table of contents

What is interest?

When you borrow certain money from a lender interest is paid as a cost. A percentage of unpaid amount is calculated as interest. Unlike other forms of debt such as credit and mortgages, Direct loans are daily interest loans. Which means interest accumulates daily. The interest accumulated during all periods may or may not be paid, depending on which type of loan it is whether subsidized or unsubsidized.

If you don’t pay the interest accumulated in your loan during a certain period then you will be responsible for paying interest(ex- during a period of deferment on unsubsidized loan) and the unpaid interest may be capitalized(added to the principal amount of the loan).


Interest rates for Federal Student loans

The interest rates are fixed for the life of the federal student loan, from July 2006. Existing loan interest rates will not be affected even if Congress revaluate the rates every year.

The most common type of Federal student loan is Stafford loans. Interest rates on Stafford loans for Undergraduates in 2017-2018 were 4.45% and the interest rates on Stafford loans for Graduates in 2017-2018 were 6%. Your interest rate is not accumulated until you are in school if your Stafford loan is subsidized(based on financial needs) rather than unsubsidized loans.

Students can also qualify for Perkins loans if they are from low-income families. These loans are somehow more manageable as they have a fixed interest rate of 5%. While you are in school no interest rate is accumulated.

There is another type of Federal Student loan, which is PLUS Loans for which parents and graduates are eligible. The interest rates in this type of loan are highest, of 7%. 

How much money a student can borrow from federal loans has an aggregate limit. Undergraduates can borrow a total of $57,500 and not more than $23,000 can be of a subsidized loan. For graduate students, the maximum limit is $138,500 and not more than $65,500 can be of a subsidized loan.

The graduate loan amounts to any money borrowed to obtain an undergraduate degree.

What are the current interest rates for federal student loans?

The interest rate varies for all loans, depending on the type of loans and its first disbursement date. Below there is a table that provides interest rates for Direct Subsidized Loans, Direct Unsubsidized Loans, PLUS Loans first disbursed on and after July 1, 2019, and before July 1, 2020.

Regardless of the first disbursement date, Perkins loans have a fixed interest rate of 5%.

Loan type

Borrow type

Fixed interest rates

Direct subsidized and unsubsidized

Undergraduate

4.53%

Direct Unsubsidized

Graduate/Professional

6.08%

Direct PLUS

Parents/Graduates/Professional Studies

7.08%

 All the interest rates in the above charts are fixed-rate and will not change for the life of the loan. 


Interest rates for private student loans

As compared to federal student loans, the interest rates in private student loans are almost always high. The market became much more expensive suddenly with the historically low lending rates in 2017-2018.

The students who still need the money, but have reached the borrowing limit on federal loans, it is important for them. It also helps students with good credit score, co-signer with a good credit score and could be eligible for the lowest rates available from private lenders.

A survey from six lenders- CommonBond, Discover, Sallie Mae, SoFi, Ascent, SunTrust has fixed rates ranging from 4.75% to 15.14% while variable rates from 3.40% to 13.09%.

Interested students who are considering private student loans, should keep a close eye on the interest rates. If the available rates are 3% to 4% then it can be one of the best options compared to federal student loans.

Depending on your credit score and income, you can consolidate your loans to save on your monthly payments.

You may start at a very low rate in variables rates but end up having a double-digit rate.

To determine the interest rate in private student loans is a big factor, which is acquired from the banks, credit union or online lenders whereas on the other hand credit score is not a factor in federal student loans as it is funded by the government. 

The private student loan interest rate mainly depends on your credit ratings, whereas in federal student loan the interest rate is set by Congress. You can pay a higher interest rate for a private student loan then in the federal loan if your credit score is below 690. Similar to any loans, higher credit score and income will get the best rates and higher borrowing amount. 

As it is a student loan, And undergraduates may don’t any established credit score and income, for private student loans a co-signer may be required. In some cases when the borrower doesn’t have a co-signer. Lenders consider career and income potential while assessing their loans. 


How Does Student loan interest rate work?

Depending on whether the loan is private or federal, the interest rates work differently. Every borrower opting for the same type of federal loan in a particular year has the same interest rate, for federal loans whereas borrowers having a higher credit score will generally qualify for lower interest rates and borrowers with a low credit score will get higher rates, in private loans. 

Federal Student Loans:

  • Based on the 10-year Treasury note, the interest rate is set yearly by Congress

  • Most have fees charged as a percentage of the total amount

  • Rates are fixed for the life of the loan

Private Student Loans:

  • Credit-based interest rates are there

  • Most of the private lenders don’t charge an origination fee

  • Both fixed or variable interest rate are available for the borrower

  • Variable rates can change monthly or quarterly

How interest rates are calculated?

The amount of interest accumulated on your loans between your monthly payment is determined by the daily interest formula. In this formula, your outstanding principal balance is multiplied by the interest rate factor and multiplying that result by the number of days since you, made your last payment.

Simple daily interest formula:

Interest amount= (Outstanding Interest Balance* Interest Rate Factor) * No of Days Since Last Payment

What is the interest rate factor?

The amount of interest accumulated on your loan is calculated by the interest rate factor. It is determined by dividing your loan’s interest rate by the number of days in a year.


Worried about your college tuition? Learn more about student loans


Average Student Loan Interest Rate

According to a 2017 report by New America, a nonprofit, nonpartisan think tank, the average student loan interest rate is 5.8% among all households with student debt. Which includes both the federal and the private student loans- about 90% of student debt is federal.

With a 5.8% interest rate on $30,000of student loans, a borrower would pay about $9,600 in interest throughout 10 years.

According to the report, the average student loan interest rate is higher among some groups. For example- the borrower who didn’t complete their college, the average rate among them is 6.3% whereas 6.6% among households with income less than $24,000.

The weighted average interest rate is the rate you will have if you consolidate your loans with the federal government, in case you have multiple student loans with different rates. Refinancing with a private lender can lower your average interest rate while consolidation can’t.


What is capitalization and how does it relate to interest?

The unpaid interest added to the principal balance of the loan is called capitalization. When you make payments on your federal student loan, all the interest rates accumulated between monthly payments will be covered when you make your monthly loan payment, and you will not have any unpaid interest. But under certain circumstances, the interest rate can be accumulated also. During a period of deferment, you are not required to make monthly payments, but if you have unsubsidized loans, during the deferment period interest will be accumulated on the loan, and you will have to pay the interest.

Your lender may capitalize the unpaid interest when you don’t the interest accumulated during the period when you are responsible to pay the interest rates. This increases the outstanding principal amount on the loan. The overall cost of the loan is increased as the interest is charged on that higher principal balance. Capitalization can also be one of the causes to increase your payment amount, depending on your repayment plan.

Unpaid interest is usually capitalized

  1. following periods of- deferment on an unsubsidized loan or the forbearance on any type of loan.

  2. following the grace period on an unsubsidized loan

  3. If you voluntarily leave the Revised pay as you earn(PAYE) or Income-Based Repayment(IBR) plans

  4. If you fail to annually update your income for some of the Income-driven plans

  5. If you are repaying your loans under the PAYE or IBR plans and no longer qualify to make payments based on income.

For example, the interest rate accrued per day is $1.86 on an amount of $10,000 Direct Unsubsidized Loan with an interest rate of 6.8%. The loan will be having the accumulated interest of $340 if you are in a deferment period of six months and you haven’t paid your interest so it has been accumulated. Hence, you will be charged the interest rate on the increased outstanding principal balance of $10,340, as at the end of the deferment the accrued interest of $340 is capitalized. This will cause an increase in the amount of interest per day to $1.93. Depending on your repayment plan, the capitalization of your unpaid interest may also increase your monthly payment amount. 

Who sets the interest rate for federal student loans?

Federal Student interest rates are set by the Federal Laws, not the U.S Department of Education.

How much amount should I pay towards my outstanding principal balance?

Until all outstanding interest rate is paid, no payments you make will satisfy any loan principal, you can know how much interest rate is accumulated since your last payments. You can figure out how much of your payment will be applied to your outstanding principal balance when you subtract the amount of accrued interest from your monthly payments and other outstanding interest.

For Example- the interest rate accrued per day is $1.86 on an amount of $10,000 Direct Unsubsidized Loan with an interest rate of 6.8%. Let us assume that you are repaying your loan under Standard Repayment Plan, and your monthly payment is $115. If it is 30 days since you last paid your loans, and during your last repayment no interest was outstanding then $55.80 interest amount is accrued, subtracting this amount from $115 in a total of $59.20, the amount of your payment that would be applied to your outstanding balance of $10,000.

Are there any fees for Federal Student Loans?

A percentage of the total loan amount is a loan fee for most of the federal student loans. While enrolled in school the loan fee is deducted proportionately from each loan disbursed from what you will receive. This means the money you will receive will be less than what you actually borrowed. You will not just only pay the amount you received but the whole amount you have borrowed.

Loan type

Direct Subsidized

Direct Unsubsidized

Direct PLUS

 

Date

on or after 10/01/19 and before 10/01/20

on or after 10/1/18 and before 10/1/19

on and after 10/1/19 and before 10/1/20

on and after 10/1/18 and before 10/1/19

Loan fee

1.059

1.06%

4.24%

4.25%


History of Student loans

As shown in the table below there has been a fluctuation in the interest rates offered in the year 2017-2018, in Subsidized 4.45%, Unsubsidized 4.45% and Graduate 6.00% 

5-year History of student loan rates

Year

Subsidized

Unsubsidized

Graduate

2017-2018

4.45

4.45

6

2016-2017

3.76

3.76

5.31

2015-2016

4.29

4.29

5.84

2014-2015

4.66

4.66

6.21

2013-2014

3.86

3.86

5.41

Managing loan cost

Following are the three ways in which you manage the cost of a student loan:

1) Apply for the scholarships and grants - With scholarships and grants, you don’t need to borrow at all. It will cover all your educational costs and will even save you from repayment. In order to apply for a scholarship, you have to excel in your studies.

2) Refinance - You can lower the interest rates on your student loans by refinancing, once you are graduated. It is a pretty good option once you have a stable career and income. A shorter repayment plan can save you the most money, compared to a variable interest rate or longer repayment option. There are other options even like income-driven repayment plans or federal student loan forgiveness.

3) Pay as you go- If you start paying when you are in school- make sure you have the extra funds for the principal amount and not the extra payments, this will save your money.

With the rise in tuition costs, covering expenses for college can be hard for most people trying to get a college degree. Apart from the tuition, there are a number of expenses to be met like room, board, books and much more.

In order to combat this, you can take out student loans. But these loans come with an interest rate, ever asked yourself if you can get an interest free student loan? Do they exist? Where can you get one? Let’s find out.