5 Great Concentrations for MPA Programs

Masters in Public Administration is the widely accepted professional degree for a management career in public service. Let us discuss about the 5 great concentrations for MPA program in this article.

Updated by Smriti Singh on 8th May 2020

Most of us know what an MBA is, but not many are aware of MPA. 

So, what exactly is an MPA?

MPA stands for Masters in Public Administration. Masters in Public Administration is the widely accepted professional degree for a management career in public service. MPA is similar to the Master of Business Administration (MBA) but with an emphasis on the issues of governance.

The MPA degree can prepare you for wonderful careers in city management, state government, public health administration, nonprofit leadership positions, and careers in the Federal Government service.

For someone who has very good people’s skills and would want to serve the nation, they can think of Public Administration as a career. The one who is working in this field also requires to have good administration skills along with a concrete understanding of finance, accounts, and apt knowledge of how the governmental policies are developed and implemented. 

So following are the major role of any Public Administrator:

  • To maintain the public well being.

  • To manage city budgets, develop policy and legislation, draft and implement policies.

  • To analyze data to determine and solve public needs and ensure security.

  • To evaluate programs and policies, and make related recommendations to institutions and organizations.

  • To implement information technologies.

  • To analyze information and conduct a safety inspection.

The 5 great concentrations for Master of Public Administration are as follows:

 

Public Management

 

Public Management is about managing the public and its resources effectively and efficiently through various business management ideas. It is a way to deal with government organizations and non-profit organizations that take after or draw on private-division the executives and business procedures and methodologies. These various approaches to business frequently plan to expand proficiency and viability and give improved client administration.

 

Justice Administration

 

Justice Administration is the delivery of criminals and those who have committed crimes to justice. Justice administration is directly associated with law enforcement. 

It teaches you the practical application of Criminology, with none of the understanding of the causes of crime, the psychology, and sociology of crime and victimology, etc. 

 

Public Finance

 

Public finance is the study of how the government raises its income through different activities and how the government spends this collected income on the expenditure involved in the activities of the country. It is crucial for the development of a nation as it deals with taxation and expenditure of different civic organizations. 

The main role of public finance is that it helps in acquiring the financial resources needed by an economy to achieve its social welfare and helps to determine factors such as the current account deficit, the inflation rate, increasing national debt, etc.

 

Policy Studies

 

Policy studies are the study of how governments with or through the various institutions are operating within a country and formulate different policies or laws to get the benefit for different groups of stakeholders such as the MNs, etc. The various fields of policy studies include political science, economics, sociology, and psychology as well as a number of practically oriented fields like education, environmental studies, finance, law, etc. 

Policy studies also include the study of international relations and foreign policies within it, as policy-makers need to understand the dynamics of how countries share a complex interdependence upon each other based on economic opportunities and ties, and socio-cultural influences that lead to a sharing of ideas and norms that thereafter have the capacity of influencing a country’s political decisions.

 

Human Resource Management

 

HRM in public administration concerns human resource management as it applies specifically to the field of public administration. It includes record maintenance, welfare administration, legal compliance, etc. 

It helps to study, target, and execute long-term employment goals. It is important for any company to have an efficient ability to grow and advance human resource management is key.

Conclusion

Each MPA program has its quirks and shortfalls as well as its strengths. The practical application of the classroom work needs to be more closely aligned to real-world situations. You can successfully opt for a career in government administration after completing or can upgrade himself or herself for any government exam which requires such skills and knowledge. So better first understand your requirements and then opt carefully whether it is going to help you somehow or just to obtain a degree it's not an easy task at all.

Remember, you have to be prepared for studying Law, Management, and Public Services.

Good luck.