Difference between Information Technology and Information System

Information System is a system that consists of process, people and systems while Information Technology is a part of IT which consists of hardware, storage devices, processors.

Updated by Avinash Hari on 27th December 2019

Information Technology and Information Systems. Are they the same or different?

Information System is a large umbrella referring to systems designed to create, store, manipulate, or disseminate information. However, Information Technology deals with Information processing, storage, and transmission. IT, in particular, is computer technology.

Let's look into some of the important pointers which might highlight the key difference

  • Information Systems (IS) and Information Technology (IT) are often used interchangeably.

  • They are actually thought to be the same but in reality, Information technology is a part of Information systems i.e. IT is a small part of the IS.

  • Both of them are concerned with computers, hardware, software, information, etc. but still they are different in their structures.

IT vs IS Structure

       Source: geniusdhiraj.blogspot.com

Information Systems

What is Information System?

Organizations usually deal with a huge amount of data. Data is nothing but basic values or facts which are systematically organized in a database. Many people think of data as synonymous with information; however, information actually consists of data that has been organized to help answers questions and to solve problems. An information system is defined as the software that helps us to organize and analyze the data. So, the purpose of an information system is to turn raw data into useful information that can turn out to be highly useful from organization and customer point of view.

A few points to ponder upon while understanding the entire mechanism of Information System.

    • Information System(IS) is basically a huge pie which consists of processes, people, systems which is the main component to process the information.

    • It may not necessarily be in computer mode, it can also be in paper pencil mode.

    • The hardware and software used to create, maintain and access the payment details of students in a college are referred to as an information system.

Degrees in Information System often include courses in:

  • Information Theory

  • Social Science

  • Foundations of Management

  • Information Technology

Now let's look into the different types of processes in an Information Systems architecture

Types of Information Systems

  • Transaction Processing System

  • Office Automation System – Word Processing, Email, Voice Mail.

  • Knowledge Work Systems

  • Management Information System

  • Decision Support Systems

 However, after gathering all the information, one must be inquisitive to know the salary of an average Information Systems Manager. As per the survey, the average salary of an Information Systems Manager is $82,450.

information systemssource - pexels.com

Information Technology

What is Information Technology?

Information Technology(IT) is a subsystem of IS. It is the technology used to store and retrieve data from the computer systems. It is thriving through apps, the internet, mobile phones, etc. It basically consists of computer hardware, software, databases, networks, etc.

For instance, the hard disks, pen drives or any other storage devices used to store payment details of students of a college is basically IT.

Popular Information Technology Jobs

The different types of Job Roles Information Techonologies domain are illustrated by the following hierarchical tree

IT Jobs

However, after knowing the various job roles offered after pursuing a degree in Information Technology, it is going to raise an inquisitiveness about the remuneration or the salary offered to an Information Technology Specialist. As per a survey, it was found that the average salary of an IT Specialist is $55,000 a year. 

List Of Colleges Best Known For Information Technology Degree

Let's look into some of the top universities of the United States best known for imparting quality education in the domain of Information Technology

                  Top Colleges Offering Information Technology Degree
The Pennsylvania State University Coleman University
Armstrong State University Baker College
Metropolitan Community College Liberty University
Saint Leo University Strayer University
Ottawa University University of Phoenix


When deciding which of these computer-related paths to pursue, it’s critical to have clarity and detailed about exactly what it is you’re looking for in a career. By understanding the technicalities of information systems and information technology, students can better select an educational path.

Gathering data about the domain of your choice and evaluating it carefully will allow you to make an informed decision about the best career path for you.

We found that numerically the average salary of an Information System Manager is more than an Information Technology Specialist, however, the roles and responsibilities of both actually complement each other in an IT infrastructure, or in other words both are dependent upon one another. From this, we clearly understood that Information system is a whole system that supports the whole organization while Information system is a part of it in the form of hardware, processors, storage devices.

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