How to Become an Actuary

This article provides in-depth information into What is an Actuary? What Actuary do? Degrees for Actuary, Steps to become Actuary and much more.

An actuary is a business proficient who ascertains money related risks through probability, statistics and information on business and financial matters. They utilize predictive analysis of statistics and patterns to tell the probability of an occasion happening. An accountant is somebody who endeavors to value the present.  An actuary is somebody who endeavors to value the future.

What does an Actuary do ?

Actuaries analyze data to estimate the probability and likely cost to the company of an event such as death, sickness, injury, disability, or loss of property. Actuaries also address financial matters, such as how a company should invest resources to maximize return on investments, or how an individual should invest in order to attain a certain retirement income level.

  • Analyses the probability of an event happening in future.

  • Outlining better approaches to lessen the probability of unfortunate occasions.

  • Diminishing the effect of unwanted events.

  • They outline a solution that benefits the interest of every party.

  • They research and create strategies.

  • Reserve Analysis of Funds.

  • They periodically review the rates of insurance premiums.

  • They price products according to the market trend.

Steps for becoming an Actuary


Get A Bachelor’s Degree

A student does not have to take any particular program to become an Actuary; however, students take Maths, Economics, Finance, Business or Statistics. Few schools also have a special program designed for actuaries that offer major in Actuarial Science.


Complete Additional Courses

Undergraduates finishing a degree in an irrelevant field should supplement their undergrad profession with business and statistics courses. Every single imminent statistician will profit by picking up programming languages, for example, SQL, C++, and VBA. Arts understudies need to take the most number of side subjects, including some actuarial arithmetic courses.


Get A Job In Related Field

You should finish at least 2 actuarial exams before finishing your four-year college education to expand your odds of landing a position in the related field. Managers by and large don't lean toward hopefuls who don't have at least two certificates. Likewise, during your bachelor's program, you should do at least 2 summer internship. Ideally, you should do one internship at an insurance agency and a second internship at a consultancy.


Get An Associate Certification

There are two associations who provide professional certification for actuaries The Society of Actuaries (SOA) and the Casualty Actuary Society (CAS). The first level of certification awarded is Associate. For the Society of Actuaries, a student has to pass a series of five examinations in order to be approved for membership. For the Casualty Actuary Society provides a similar path. A prospective associate has to pass a series of six examinations to get a membership.


Get A Fellowship Certification

After getting the associate membership if an associate wants to earn the title of fellow, in the case of Society of Actuaries (SOA) he has to go through a series of more advanced examination and choose one of six tracts to specialize in. And for Casualty Actuary Society an associate needs to take 3 additional exams to earn the title of fellow.

Actuary Degree Levels


There is no need for a specific program or specific major to become an Actuary. You can choose any major but you need to take additional courses in statistics, probability, math, finance, economics, and business to be eligible to take the exams.

  • Forecasting methods

  • R programming language

  • Predictive analysis

  • Collection of Data

  • Interpretation of Data

  • Organization and presentation of Data

  • Supply and Demand

  • Fiscal Policy

  • International Trade

  • Reviews the creation and utilization of products and services

  • Awareness of global economics environment

  • Understand fundamental and technical concepts of economics

  • Net Present Value

  • Valuing Riskless Cashflows

  • Market Efficiency

  • Management of money matters

  • Various degrees of vulnerabilities and risks

  • Analyze and interpret financial data


The Master of Science (MS) in Actuarial Science gives you the abilities to be an effective Actuary. You'll pick up a strong academic foundation through particular courses in actuarial science, finance, statistics, and related fields. You will likewise profit by the viable introduction to business and financial standards.

  • Insurance Regulations

  • Insurance marketing and distribution

  • Risk control and premium auditing

  • Understanding and Quantifying Risk

  • Financial Consequences of Risk

  • Basic Purpose and Scope of Risk Management

Mathematical Finance
  • Price-yield relationship

  • Estimate volatility

  • Ito's lemma and its applications

  • Scientific modeling of financial markets

  • Use appropriate technology for problem-solving

  • Apply logical thinking

Computer science
  • SQL

  • C++

  • VBA

  • Analyze data statistically

  • Interpret results of experiments

  • Draw reasonable conclusions


Doctorate in actuarial science considers a scope of hypothetical and connected issues in annuities, life and general protection, and medicinal services. Specific roads of research incorporate protection dissolvability, mortality, and lifespan displaying, chance administration, evaluating in focused markets, reliance between dangers, the effect of reasonable esteem bookkeeping on protection and the financing of social care.

  • Principles of Risk and Insurance

  • Package Design, Pricing, and Analysis

  • Governance Structure

  • Understanding needs of low-income households

  • Structure of microinsurance products

  • Success factors

Behavioural economics
  • Heuristics and Biases

  • Risk Preferences

  • Changing Behavior

  • Psychological insights into human behavior

  • Economic decision-making

  • Psychological aspects of economic theories

Predictive modeling
  • Logistic Regression

  • Time series analysis

  • Decision trees

  • Use of data mining and probability to forecast outcomes

  • Write advanced SQL queries

  • Create predictive models