How to Become a Doctor

This article provides in-depth information into What is a Doctor? What Doctor do? Degrees for Doctor, Steps to become Doctor and much more.

A doctor is a person with a medical degree who practices medicine to promote, maintain and restore good health in physically or mentally impaired people. Physicians and Doctors are one of the most astounding paying professions and take a great measure of schooling.

What does a Doctor do ?

A doctor’s job depends on his specialty. Here are some common tasks performed by doctors.

  • A doctor studies, diagnoses and treats a wide range of physical and mental diseases.

  • A Doctor Prescribes and monitors a patient’s health conditions.

  • A Doctor works on Research and Development to invent a new medicine.

  • A doctor guides the physical assistance and nurse practitioners.

  • A doctor writes prescriptions that require a doctor’s signature.

Steps for becoming a Doctor


Earn A Bachelor Degree

You can get into a medical school after earning a Bachelor’s Degree. You have better chances of getting into a medical school if you have a strong knowledge of Science and some experience in healthcare.  Any specific major is not required for getting into medical school, but students have to complete coursework in Biology, Mathematics, Physics, and chemistry.


Qualify The Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT)

MCAT scores are required by almost all the medical schools in the US. This test can be taken up to three times a year. This test includes areas of Biology, Physics, Organic Chemistry and General Chemistry. It also tests the verbal reasoning, Problem-solving and writing skills.


Earn A Medical Degree

Medical school is of four years. The initial two years, for the most part, involve classroom and research facility work, while the last two years enable understudies to work specifically with patients under the supervision of experienced specialists. Medical school coursework by and large covers subjects in pharmacology, pathology, life structures and organic chemistry. Understudies additionally contemplate the act of medication and legitimate issues identified with social insurance. Students start residency program after graduating from medical school.


Complete Residency Program

Under this program, Students get an opportunity to work directly with the patients under the supervision of a specialist in a specialty area of medicine like anesthesiology, internal medicine, emergency medicine, pediatrics, psychiatry etc. Residents are also assigned various patient care duties. Residency program can last from three to seven years depending on the area of specialty.


Obtain Licensure

All Medical professionals must obtain a license before practicing medicine in any state. To qualify for licensure a student must graduate from an accredited medical school, complete the residency program and pass the exams. M.D.s take USMLE exam and D.O.s take COMLEX-USA exam.


Get Certified

Although certification is not required to practice medicine, it helps in career growth and employment opportunities. These certifications are provided by American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) and continuing education is required for recertification.

Doctor Salaries


Doctor Degree Levels


At an associate level, medical related degrees mostly focus on office work, administrative duties, and record keeping skills. Basic technical knowledge is provided so that student can handle routine clinical laboratory tasks.

Medical Assisting
  • scheduling appointments

  • capillary puncture

  • electrocardiography

  • phlebotomy

  • provide care to patients

  • Verify patient information

  • Recording medical history

Medical Office Administration
  • word processing

  • data entry

  • spreadsheets programs

  • To perform administrative & clinical tasks

  • Running office operations

  • Clerical and related workings

Health Information Management
  • Information Management System

  • Billing and coding

  • Collection of medical records

  • Storage of medical records

  • Retrieval of medical records


To enter a medical school bachelor’s degree is necessary.  Although there is no specific degree or major is required to get into a medical school, it is advisable to study programs heavy on biology and chemistry like Bachelors of Science (B.S) in Biology. Students have to prepare to take a Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).

  • Drug Nomenclature

  • Dosage Calculations

  • Pharmacokinetics

  • Study use and effects of drugs

  • Action of drugs

  • Naming of drugs

  • DNA: The chemical nature of the gene

  • Chromosomes and cellular reproduction

  • Basic principles of heredity

  • Understand the significance of meiosis

  • Study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity

  • Understand cause and effects of mutation

Human Physiology
  • Cell Structure & Metabolism

  • Neurons & the Nervous System

  • Blood & Body Defences

  • Physiological concepts of homeostasis

  • Control mechanisms

  • Functions of body systems


Students in the United States complete their Masters in Medical School after qualifying MCAT. There are two types of medical school programs in the United States: allopathic (MD) and osteopathic (DO).The Medical school consists of four years of medical training and education, two years of book study and laboratory work and two years of clinical experience, going through rotations at clinics and hospitals.

Diagnostic Tools and Testing
  • Select appropriate diagnostic tests

  • interpret and analyze test results

  • evaluate specific screening tests

  • Develop systematic approaches

  • use of tools used in different areas

  • Conducting error-free tests

Clinical Epidemiology
  • Statistical analysis

  • Knowledge of research study design

  • Critical use of research

  • Use of research literature

  • practicing evidence-based medicine

  • Application of epidemiological principles

Critical Care
  • Care principles in acute care settings

  • Conducting rounds

  • Case management

  • To provide a practical experience of care

  • Treatment of an ill patient

  • Review of clinical principle