How To Become Doctor

This article provides in-depth information into What is Doctor? What Doctor do? Degrees for Doctor, Steps to become Doctor and much more.


A doctor is a person with a medical degree who practices medicine to promote, maintain and restore good health in physically or mentally impaired people. Physicians and Doctors are one of the most astounding paying professions and take a great measure of schooling.

What does Doctor do ?

A doctor’s job depends on his specialty. Here are some common tasks performed by doctors.

  • A doctor studies, diagnoses and treats a wide range of physical and mental diseases.

  • A Doctor Prescribes and monitors a patient’s health conditions.

  • A Doctor works on Research and Development to invent a new medicine.

  • A doctor guides the physical assistance and nurse practitioners.

  • A doctor writes prescriptions that require a doctor’s signature.

Steps for becoming Doctor


You can get into a medical school after earning a Bachelor’s Degree. You have better chances of getting into a medical school if you have a strong knowledge of Science and some experience in healthcare.  Any specific major is not required for getting into medical school, but students have to complete coursework in Biology, Mathematics, Physics, and chemistry.


MCAT scores are required by almost all the medical schools in the US. This test can be taken up to three times a year. This test includes areas of Biology, Physics, Organic Chemistry and General Chemistry. It also tests the verbal reasoning, Problem-solving and writing skills.


Medical school is of four years. The initial two years, for the most part, involve classroom and research facility work, while the last two years enable understudies to work specifically with patients under the supervision of experienced specialists. Medical school coursework by and large covers subjects in pharmacology, pathology, life structures and organic chemistry. Understudies additionally contemplate the act of medication and legitimate issues identified with social insurance. Students start residency program after graduating from medical school.


Under this program, Students get an opportunity to work directly with the patients under the supervision of a specialist in a specialty area of medicine like anesthesiology, internal medicine, emergency medicine, pediatrics, psychiatry etc. Residents are also assigned various patient care duties. Residency program can last from three to seven years depending on the area of specialty.


All Medical professionals must obtain a license before practicing medicine in any state. To qualify for licensure a student must graduate from an accredited medical school, complete the residency program and pass the exams. M.D.s take USMLE exam and D.O.s take COMLEX-USA exam.


Although certification is not required to practice medicine, it helps in career growth and employment opportunities. These certifications are provided by American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) and continuing education is required for recertification.

Doctor Salaries


Doctor Degree Levels


At an associate level, medical related degrees mostly focus on office work, administrative duties, and record keeping skills. Basic technical knowledge is provided so that student can handle routine clinical laboratory tasks.

Medical Assisting

  • scheduling appointments

  • capillary puncture

  • electrocardiography

  • phlebotomy


To become a medical assistant, medical receptionist or pursue a related entry-level medical occupation.

Medical Office Administration

  • word processing

  • data entry

  • spreadsheets programs


To emphasize on the clerical and related workings of a hospital, clinic or other medical facilities.

Health Information Management

  • Information Management System

  • Billing and coding


Collection, storage and retrieval of patients' medical records and pertinent medical data.


To enter a medical school bachelor’s degree is necessary.  Although there is no specific degree or major is required to get into a medical school, it is advisable to study programs heavy on biology and chemistry like Bachelors of Science (B.S) in Biology. Students have to prepare to take a Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).


  • Drug Nomenclature

  • Dosage Calculations

  • Pharmacokinetics


Study of uses, effects, and action of drugs.


  • DNA: The chemical nature of the gene

  • Chromosomes and cellular reproduction

  • Basic principles of heredity


Study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.

Human Physiology

  • Cell Structure & Metabolism

  • Neurons & the Nervous System

  • Blood & Body Defences


The science of the mechanical, physical and biochemical function of humans.


Students in the United States complete their Masters in Medical School after qualifying MCAT. There are two types of medical school programs in the United States: allopathic (MD) and osteopathic (DO).The Medical school consists of four years of medical training and education, two years of book study and laboratory work and two years of clinical experience, going through rotations at clinics and hospitals.

Diagnostic Tools and Testing

  • Select appropriate diagnostic tests

  • interpret and analyze test results

  • evaluate specific screening tests


Develop systematic approaches to patient care and use of tools used in pathology, radiology, laboratory medicine, clinical epidemiology, and other areas.

Clinical Epidemiology

  • Statistical analysis

  • Knowledge of research study design

  • Critical use of research


Use of research literature to answer a clinical question and practicing evidence-based medicine.

Critical Care

  • Care principles in acute care settings

  • Conducting rounds

  • Case management


To provide a practical experience of care and treatment of an ill patient and a review of clinical principle.